US offers $2bn military aid to Pakistan; Qureshi urges US to open its markets to Pakistani goods
Monitoring Desk
Voice of Hunza
WASHINGTON, October 21: The United States will offer two billion dollars in fresh military assistance to Pakistan, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said on Friday, Islamabad's efforts against extremist groups. The United States has "no stronger partner when it comes to counter-terrorism" than Pakistan, Clinton said at high-level talks between the two nations in Washington.Clinton said that the military package, which is subject to congressional approval, would come over several years and be in addition to 7.5 billion dollars in civilian aid the United States has committed over five years.
Similarly, Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi on Wednesday urged the United States to open its markets to Pakistani goods for supporting Pakistan's economic recovery and sustained development. "We need trade, not just aid," he told a distinguished gathering at Brookings Institute, a Washington-based think-tank, as the US-Pakistan strategic dialogue enters its second day. "We do not seek dependency, we seek economic viability," the foreign minister said in a wide-ranging speech in which he also reaffirmed Pakistan's commitment to fight extremism and terrorism. Stating that economic growth was its priority, the foreign minister said, "We need the Untied States to open up its markets to our products, like the European Union has resolved to do, so that our factories can create jobs for our people, and give young Pakistanis hope for their futures." He also urged the United States to pass legislation for Reconstruction Opportunity Zones for Fata as also an exclussive Free Trade Agreement with Pakistan.-Business Recorder, agencies

Karachi: Case of Shershah Incident Filed Against 17 people
VoH News Watch

KARACHI, October 21: A case has been registered against 17 people belonging to Liyari gang war including its leader Baba Ladla for Shershah incident in Karachi.
According to police, a case has been registered in Pak Colony police station for killing of 12 persons in Shershah. The case number 578/2010 in Pakistan penal court for acts 302, 386, 324 and anti terrorism act have been registered. The wanted criminals listed in the case belong to Liyari gang war among which is the gang leader Noor Mohammad alias Baba Ladla along with Hameed alias Mulla Rao, Ejaz, Lal Mohammad, Nawaz, Iqbal and 11 other criminals. While on the other side, despite of meetings of policitcal leaders, struggling for coalition and claims of eliminating terrorism, still the killings in Karachi have not been stopped. In various areas of city, 7 more people have been killed due to firing. -A Pakistan News paper reports.

Third of Pak-US strategic dialogue from today
Monitoring Desk
WASHINGTON/ISLAMABAD, October 20: The eagerly awaiting third round of Pak-America strategic dialogue would start from today (Wednesday) in Washington. Chief of Army Staff (COAS), General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani left Tuesday for United States of America to attend the dialogue.
According to diplomatic sources the third round of Pak-US strategic dialogues is going to be started from October 20 and continue till Oct 22 in which issues related to power, agriculture, education and security would be discussed. Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi would lead the Pakistani delegation while US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton would lead US delegation.Strategic Dialogue working group leaders from both governments will report out on the tangible outcomes of their work. Besides Army Chief and FM Qureshi, Finance Minister Abdul Hafeez Sheikh and other senior officials will be among the delegation. During the Ministerial-level bilateral Strategic Dialogue that was launched in Washington on March 24-25, 2010 has thirteen separate working groups that have met in Islamabad over the past three months: agriculture; communications and public diplomacy; defense; economics and finance; education; energy; health; law enforcement and counter-terrorism; market access; science and technology; security, strategic stability and nonproliferation; water; and women’s empowerment Pakistan would try to convince US to make progress in investment in the power and water sector.
Sources also told media that Pakistan would adopt a decisive stance on India’s violation of Indus River Water treaty and would demand US to play its role in this regard.Foreign Office Sources told media that Pakistan will demand from US for establishment of Reconstruction Zones (RoZs) in the Tribal Areas while urge various Members of the Congress for methodical legislation and immediate removal of hurdles in this regard, drone technology and stalled dues under the Coalition Support fund, The News International reports.

No let-up in Karachi killings; toll 33
Monitoring Desk
Voice of Hunza
KARACHI: As many as 33 people lost their lives and 50 were injured in incidents of violence in different parts of the city in 30 hours till Sunday midnight. Five vehicles, including a car belonging to the DawnNews, were set ablaze at Safoora Chowk on late Saturday night. City Police Chief Fayyaz Ahmed Leghari said around 30 people had fallen victims to targeted killings. In reply to a question about ethnic profiles of the victims, the CCPO said they belonged to different groups.
The fresh spate of killings coincided with by-elections for the PS-94, Orangi Town, which fell vacant after the assassination of MQM MPA Raza Haider. According to unofficial results, MQM’s candidate Saifuddin Khalid won the seat comfortably. The Awami National Party announced on Saturday that it was boycotting the election because its demand to deploy troops had not been met. The polling was held with no major incident of violence or terror attack despite fears expressed by Commander of the Sachal Rangers. However, three people were killed in targeted attacks in Orangi Town, police said.
Till a little after midnight, 13 people had been killed in the city. A man sitting with friends by the roadside was killed by unknown gunmen in Kharadar area. Later, bodies of two people were found dumped near Timber Market. The bodies were trussed up and blind-folded and had 19 and 16 gunshot wounds, Saddar Town SSP Javed Akbar Riaz said. Shortly afterwards, a rickshaw driver was shot dead in the Husainabad area under the Azizabad police station. Orangi Town SP Haseeb Baig said that three bodies with gunshot wounds were found in parts of Orangi Town.Police said that two of the bodies were found in Babae-Khaybar Gate area and the third at
the Frontier Mor. In Lyari, three bodies with gunshot wounds were found. SP Lyari Rana Pervez said that unidentified bodies of two young men were found in the jurisdiction of Kalakot police station.

Karachi: Death toll in target killings is said to increased to 33. Online Photo

Four people were shot dead in Malir area on Sunday. Two people were killed and one was injured when gunmen opened fire on a group of youths sitting in ‘Chatai Compound’ near Malir 15. Sources at the JPMC said that two victims had been brought dead. In an earlier incident, a boy was killed in Shadman Town near Malir Kalaboard. Earlier the body of a 17-year-old youth was found in Ghazi town graveyard. He had been shot in the head, Edhi sources said. The body was taken to the JPMC for post-mortem. Armed men came to Babar Market in Landhi and sprayed people sitting in a carpet shop with bullets and escaped.
Landhi SP Nasir Aftab said that three people died in the incident. Later, in Sharafi Goth police station area, four men on two motorcycles offered a lift to Saeed Badshah, a 40-year-old man with a disabled leg. “They took him on the motorcycle and shot him dead at a deserted place, dumped his body and fled,” SP Landhi said. A boy was going home when two gunmen shot him dead near the Rufi Shopping Centre near Met Office.-Dawn Tv, The News

Sword comes down on development funds again
Special report
VoH News Watch
ISLAMABAD – Since the Government’s options for resource mobilisation are squeezing down with lending countries insisting upon taxing the rich Pakistanis for gigantic need of over $25 billion post-floods reconstruction, it is bound to cut development allocations drastically. Dimmed hopes for foreign assistance were brightened up a bit at the Friends of Democratic Pakistan (FoDP) meeting on October 15 at Brussels where Pakistan convinced the US, the top donor, to route at least 50 percent of its assistance through the government systems. So far 80 percent, according to Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani’s recent statement, and almost 100 percent, according to the officials of the Finance Minister, of the US flood-related relief and rehabilitation assistance was pouring in directly in the non-governmental sector outside the government systems.
“That is why we have asked them (the US and other donors) that ‘how you give’ matters more than ‘how much aid you give us’,” said Hina Rabbani Khar, Minister of State for Finance and Economic Affairs, who was part of the FODP delegation to Brussels. She told this scribe that it was not just an event for pledges but it was an important step in the FODP process that would lead to Pakistan Development Forum (PDF) meeting here in the next month. The PDF meet here that would be a donors’ conference on November 14-15 was aimed at presenting the need for reconstruction of areas devastated by floods and rehabilitation of the affected people.
Earlier sources told a Pakistani daily that having no pledges or commitment at hand so far, the Government was bound to cut development allocations to meet the needs for additional resources required for reconstruction. Last year the Government cut development allocations by 50 percent for extra expenditures on war against terror. This time it is going to cut development budget by more than even half of it under the garb of reprioritising projects and diverting funds to the reconstruction, the sources added. Its functionaries like Deputy Chairman Planning Commission had already told some journalists that the Government diverted at least 30 percent of Public Sector Development Programme and was asking the province to do the same.-The Nation

Govt can’t revoke executive order: Supreme Court
  • CJP takes suo moto notice of rumours that govt was going to withdraw notification
Monitoring Report
ISLAMABAD, October 15:(Online) Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, taking a suo moto notice of rumors that the government was going to withdraw the notification by which the judges had been restored in March 2009, summoned all the 16 members of the superior judiciary to the Supreme Court building on Thursday night.
The chief justice also issued a notice to the attorney general of Pakistan to appear before a full bench of the Supreme Court today (Friday). Rumours flared up due to a late night meeting of the People’s Party at the Presidency. It was conjectured that the Presidency has proposed to the prime minister to withdraw the executive order of March 16, 2009 through which the chief justice of Pakistan and other deposed judges were restored.
The Supreme Court sources confirmed that the chief justice of Pakistan had left the building after at 8pm, but rushed back to hold a meeting at around 11pm following the rumours aired by the private media channels. According to a press release issued with the signature of Additional Registrar Sajid Mehmood Qazi, as per reports telecast on several TV channels, alleged that the government was considering withdrawing the executive order of the restoration of the chief justice of Pakistan and other judges. Some newspapers had already reported this issue.The press release added that the issue of restoration of judges had already been settled by the Supreme Court on July 31, 2009.
The Supreme Court has held time and again that a judge of the superior judiciary may not be removed except on the grounds and as per procedure laid down in Article 209 of the constitution.“In view of the facts stated above, the honourable chief justice of Pakistan, on a note moved by the registrar, has ordered registration of the matter as Civil Miscellaneous Application and its fixation before a 17-member bench on October 15, 2010,” the press release concluded.

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Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan

Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan
Reflecting socio-economic, administrative and cultural impulses in regional periphery

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Mission Statement & Weekly VoH Publishing team

Voice of Voiceless

The blog aims to disseminate the accurate regional information without consideration of race, color, ethnicity, religion and ideology to the valuable readers across the globe. We promise to abide with the moral and professional ethics of citizen journalism through this medium of communication. The voiceless masses of this one of the most beautiful places on earth, situated in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan experience hard times due to continuous natural and man made disasters which have left them at surviving stage. Shortly speaking, in a short span of time, Hunza valley has embraces a steady socio-economic and ecological development making it self an authentic book to read about or take a model for rest of far flung valleys bordering Chines Sinkiang province in the extreme north of the country. The haphazard material development in this comparatively small area has also served to create various socio-economic and ethical problems which ultimately served to shake the fabrics of very roots and foundations of culture and civility among dwellers. On geo-political front, analysts find a very little say of a common man in the major decisions related to regional socio-economic development, violation of meritocracy by mafias in political parties, pressure groups which safe guard their own interests, a unbridled bureaucracy, corrupt regimes that patronizing nepotism or favoritism and who wield powers in Gilgit, the main hub and capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. Rapid increase in expenditures ranging from general commodity price hikes to transportation has left no option or time for people to think on other issues.
The so called Economic-Recession, unequal distribution of wealth, concentration of opportunities towards certain beings, lack of social responsiveness and transparency in government sector and no check and balance on private sector has brought its ugly implication in terms of high unemployment, depression among the youngsters, anxiety and hatred towards system of governance.
We vow to bring fore the issues of common man at grass root level, strive to highlight irregularities in government sector and flaws in public policy and finance in a democratic way. We shall continue to give our opinion on issues of importance and determine to prove a viable platform to have a positive role for public welfare, inter-communal harmony, integrity and social justice.
Amid such a situation when even the survival of country is on stake and is defamed due to continual terrorist incidents throughout the our county, we may pray for a peaceful and prosperous future of the nation. May Lord save the peaceful Gilgit-Baltistan region from the evil designs of devils in human form.

The blog has been developed and upgrading by the efforts of the following dedicated volunteers.

Board of Editors
Editor: Shamsuddin Muhammad

Co-editor: Inam Karim

Reporting Team
Karachi: Sartaj Karim

Hunza: Naeem Hamoon

Gilgit: Aslam Shah


Islamabad: Ikramullah Baig

Voice of the voiceless!

The blog is a venture with exclusive news updates, unbiased analysis and opinion on historical, cultural, ecological, socio-economic, geopolitical and administrative issues and events occurring in country in general and the region particular. It would serve as a portfolio of credible information retained first hand from own and secondary reliable electronic and print media sources and aspire to become a powerful voice for a common man. We are committed to adhere with the professional ethics of citizen journalism, a new trend to shackle the chains of excessive curb over dissemination of reality either for any cause in the name of so-called sensor, with maximum possible accuracy and least deviation while delivering information to show the real side of picture of events so that our valuable readers will have an alternative portal to know what developments are going on various levels, particularly backward areas like that of Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan, Azad Jamu and Kahsmir, Tribal areas etc., across the country. One can easily discern a great social change in terms of attitudes, perceptions both in individual and society; values and reaction to the variables in daily life patterns among the dwellers of the comparatively backwards areas like Gilgit-Baltistan, a deprived region of its fundamental rights for more than six decades of its liberation from colonial yolk. In a quest to voice over issues of vital importance, keeping closer to circle of concern, Hunza, a name famous for its beauty and rich cultural heritage has been selected to represent as a case to further the cause and issues of the rest of the region. Virtually, the region especially Hunza-Nagar retained a rapid development with a short span of time after remaining isolated for centuries to out side world. The blog also aims focus largely to identify core areas from on bottom or grass root level to the top. Keeping due consideration of inter-religious harmony, tolerance, respecting pluralism, diversity, mutual respect, democracy, equal opportunity and other aspects of human rights and professional values of journalism, the blog will serve as a binding force and medium of voice of the voiceless people of the area with reference to Gilgit-Baltistan region.

The idea of creation of this blog came into my mind during a visit after spending few years of career at Karachi, capital of Southern province to the region. While traveling from south pole of the country to north, I experienced many new changes nearly in all aspects of life explicit in urban areas and implicit in rural belts: people have opted to modern technology, availed faster means of communication; task centered behavior, selfishness, following short-cuts, chase of wealth and more opportunities in their career and many more that made their lives much more easier but crazier than before. Nevertheless, the scene suddenly turned bit dim when I entered the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. I could not believe my eyes that this was the Gilgit I saw four years ago. Many things, except the faces were utterly unchanged formats primitive outlook. The Chinese bridge that linked Danyore and Gilgit and a main source of transportation was no more. Few people told me that few journalists have lost their lives in lethal road accident due to lack of arrangements on part of concerned authority to avoid the incident. Karakorum High Way (KKH), one of the highest truck able route and so-called eighth wonder in the world is under construction and many places portray nothing but a passage through a rough stony pasture. It took nearly twenty four hours from Rawalpindi to reach after an exhaustive journey to Hunza, my home town, compared to nineteen hours in past. The scenario seemed worse in Hunza, my home town which remained unchanged for last four years except a drastic decline in standard of living of more than fifty percent of the population. One may think that people have replaced muddy homes with cement ones but that are not the real yardstick of measurement of both mental and material development. Infrastructure, fixtures, telecommunication systems were largely depreciated to their estimated life coupled with inappropriate number of personnel required in educational, administrative and health institutions. The so-called economic meltdown that started from American giant Leman soon took the world into its tyrant claws, shaking many stable economies of the world including the rural areas of developing states- a big example of negligence and subjugation by the rulers of respective countries where people live not above the level of animals. Apart from the allegations on policy makers of industrialized nations having economic interest only, the poor, irrational, incompetent, self-centered and corrupt leadership in Pakistan like other third world countries where immature economies spends it larger portion of budget expenditure on defense could not resist the negative consequences of economic crisis in terms of high rate of unemployment, recession, right or down sizing, price hikes, violation of consumer rights and so on. Hunza-Nagar, like other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan was no exception. The smiling faces that greeted us once warmly few years ago turned unhappy for the crisis brought its ugly implication on the daily life pattern of an individual thus sucking down the unique attributes of population: courtesy, generosity and hospitality. Having a so-called high rate of literacy in the country unfortunately, the region is facing many problems ranging from health to drinking water and energy sector. To many, it was because of lack of geo-political awareness and excessive tendency towards NGO culture where people little bother to beg their rights from the states besides emphasis on duties. Historical chronicles vindicate that the region remained in isolation for many centuries due to a specific location and lack of access to out side world. Many dynasties ruled the area that hardly accepted change in a traditionally sophisticated feudal based society. The wheel of transition continued to move and finally the area got librated through a mutiny with the help of indigenous population from the clutches of Dogra subjugation. Later, the area was affiliated with Pakistan vide a secret treaty called Karachi Treatise as defacto part, unconditionally. Gilgit-Baltistan region got on real terms an impetus to grow from zero level with the visit of three icons of development: Aga Khan, President Ayub Khan and Z.A.Bhutto- a historic event of its nature with long standing implications on live of the people of the region.The area could hardly observed any impulse for more than half dozen years of affiliation with Pakistan when Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan (3rd) first time introduced Diamond Jubilee Schools network during mid fifties in the region. A real phase of development gain impetus when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) stepped in the region, a population with miserable conditions in 1960. He initiated many new projects in different aspect of life, strengthening the existing educational network under the umbrella of Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) for the betterment and uplift standard of living of masses lived under poverty line. Aga Khan Development Network in collaboration with donor agencies, with a view to bring social change from grass roots level, initiated rural support programme and other services for less-privileged societies in the region. In simple words, initial projects were stretched to new areas under AKDN umbrella ranging from self-entrepreneurship to planning and building services. These development programmes served a catalyst for a common man who, earlier was confine to a certain limit where facilities and perks were confined to a specific creed, definitely a big change in society led to process of decline of so-called nobility. By, 1974, Z.A.Bhutto, chief of Pakistan Peoples Party and his cabinet undertook a disintegrated country following the fall of Dhaka, albeit eliminating princely status of numerous states gave them democratic structures, initiated socio-economic, political and administrative reforms in civil services cadres under 1973 constitution of Pakistan. These reforms opened a path for further reforms in tribal and affiliated princely states, mostly in mountain regions. Elders assert, by 1976, when Bhutto abolished the princely status of the units and replaced the princely flag with that of the country declared region formally its de-fecto part. The new development allowed for the first time a limited right of franchise and representation in a parallel council governed from capital. He in collaboration with international donor agencies like UNICEF and World Food Programme helped ensure provision of basic necessities like food to indigenous population still in poor conditions. He gave word to poor and enables to build his destiny. The facility fell a prey of Zia-ul-Haq who abolished the programme to benefit his favorite breed. He altered such programmes to facilitate Mujahideen busy fighting Afghan war against Soviet invasion on behalf of American assistance. By, 1988, before the withdrawal of USSR, Zia regime played a dirty game: as an integral strategy to get parallel success, he supported a breed of militants to eliminate all those against his faith in Gilgit-Baltistan. Unfortunately, the indigenous people could not understand his nefarious designs under the veil of religion that had to sustain his regime using divide and rule tactic and nothing to do with public welfare fell a prey of communal discord. Thousands of innocent people were brutally killed without a reason from both sides and this in turn sowed the seeds of sectarianism thus introducing a Kalashnikov culture in this region. On country’s political front, frequent interventions of military in politics in the wake of undemocratic moves of leadership, double standard attitude of bureaucracy and excessive influence of establishment forces harmed political evolution during last sixty two years of country's history. A finest dictatorship is considered worse than a worse democracy for it largely overlook the opinion of masses. The undemocratic regimes since 1952 onwards in general and during dictators’ regimes left people with no option but to support immature, corrupt and unable leadership confined to their self interests coupled with narrow vision. On global front, with the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, American administration started to shift its strategy of dependency and support for Pakistan especially that to check movement and expansion of communist philosophy, an anxiety among the then US policy planners. Political front once again passed through a new change in 1999 when military took over in October 1999. Numerous Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), both national and international rapport delivered remarkable work since 1990s to 2004 in many sectors like education, health, cultural preservation, design and building.

History repeated itself, but in a new form under different circumstances after cold war, when terrorists attacked twin towers of World Trade Centre, an icon of prestige and glory of America killing thousands of innocent people as a response to US policies inviting a fresh hostility between US and Islamist groups or in other words initiated an open conflict between two countering forces. To some, hidden forces worked behind the incident: Muslims thought it was a Judaist elements while to Europe and US a strike of Islamist elements; even the then Bush administration alleged Islamist groups behind this nefarious act to initiate an open armed struggle to defy its policies and interests. The September 11 incident served a cause to create sufferings for the Muslim communities residing in America and Europe. Being a sponsoring source of Jihadist elements, Pakistan was in real trouble as it was asked either ally the US or ready to go into stone age. Consequently, Pervez Musharraf took U-turn in state policy against billions of dollars as assistance. Once again, US dependency on Pakistan after Afghan war, in an endless war against an invisible enemy in terms of Osama started, leading farmer to think to gain control over natural resources in Afghanistan and Central Asian states. As a state, Pakistan endured many hardships, mostly from inside elements, Majority of our political leadership, for instance is largely nurtured under the aegis of military establishments and always ready to achieve their own interest lest it comes to compromise on national matters, evident from the successive overthrowing of representative regimes. They could not deliver any remarkable to uplift the standard of living of a common man except false promises. It was the Musharraf regime which can be given credit for many reasons: allowed a national government to complete its five year tenure, introduced local government systems for dicentralization of power though a move to by pass the then political and administrative forces like his predecessors military dictators to bolster one man show. Apart from few of blunders in terms of killing of Akbar Bugti, subjugation of judiciary, appointment of army on service and retired personnel in institutions offering higher education, other key positions in major public organiztions and using force as a decisive force instead of dialogue his regime can be recalled for many things during last eight years. He was the first who put hand on non-state actors, brought changes in status of deprived regions like Gilgit-Baltistan bringing reforms and took initiatives to improve education and health facilities. He gave us an International University, increased woman representation, empowered Northern Light Infantry, established N.A scouts and notified Hunza-Nagar district and many more. Yet, at the same time on mass level, despite many accomplishments, it failed to address the real issues of poor. Giant fishes got most and poor further got depressed as the regime greatly revolved around the interests of Chaurdhries and lords. December 2007, shall be remembered a black day when Benazir Bhutto, a female leader of international repute was assassinated at the same place where one of the most famous Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan as killed. Country fell into chaos and observed an extreme internal and internal threat to her existence second time after 1971. Good heaven, the situation soon normalized. With the dawn of democracy, based on Benazir Bhutto's sacrifice has brought a hope of change of image of the country in global economy. PPP led contemporary government has given a new Self Governance Reforms Package 2009 ahead of poles to empower the assembly to legislate on various subjects not allowed in past and choose their own Chief Minister unanimously with the consent of Prime Minister, the head of set up-a good initiative after Z.A Bhutto's compassions for the region. The package has opened a door for more autonomy resembles to that of Azad Kashmir. Though, there are many flaws in the package yet, it will serve to reduce feeling of deprivation among the masses.

There is another side of the picture that the poor performance in many of the departments in government sector during last two years has raised many questions in our mind regarding its capability to cope the challenges that the country faces internally and externally. Public welfare, security from internal and external aggressions and provision of basic necessities to the citizens is the fundamental responsibilities of modern states. Yet, more focus on external threats under security syndrome has left the country nothing but to expend on defense-thus neglecting other sectors like education, strategic personnel planning, health, trade and industry and exploitation of natural resources to strengthen our economy. As for as the private sector especially the NGOs are concerned, the are now confine to reporting to get funds, roam and measure the length of roads in their luxury vehicles. Now it depends on flow of events that will decide the future course of history.

Shamsuddin Muhammad,

Author and Editor,



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About Me

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Hyderabad,, IslamicRepublic of Pakistan, Pakistan
I am social person with a tendency towards learning knowledge that will balance the material world and the hereafter, a legacy obtained from the family. I earned my MA (General History with specialization in Modern History) and M.A.S (Master of Administrative siences with speciliazation in HRM) both from University of Karachi in 2005 and 2007 respectively, am fond of social work and public welfare. The blog focuses on social change caused by socio- economic and geo-political impulse in the country in general and the region particular.