GB-Govt grants jobs quota for people of Hunza Nagar: MLA
VoH Report
HUNZA, Jul 16 (APP): The district president Pakistan Muslim League Qaid-e-Azam (PML-Q), Member Legislative Assembly (MLA) Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) Mirza Hussain said job quota should be given to the people of Hunza Nagar and there should not be appointed any people from other districts. Talking to APP here Thursday he said there was no deficiency of talent in the district. The people of Hunza Nagar were very intelligent, able, educated and hard worker and can tackle any type of administrative post.
He said Hunza Nagar was newly made district and the opportunities for different jobs should only be given to people of the district. “The people of Hunza Nagar were already worried due to the Ataabad Lake incident and the government should provide them relief through job opportunities,” he said.

Muhammad Jafar announces 200,000 each family addendum in proir approved relief package; assured IDPs for a consolidated comprehensive package; protestors calls off strike for some days
VoH Report
HUNZA, Aliabad, July 16: Minister for Food and live stock Syed Muhammad Jafar and senior leader of Pakistan Peoples Party, Gilgit-Baltistan chapter announced 200,000 each family addendum in proir approved relief package and ensured Internally Displaced persons (IDPs) for a comprehesive consolidated package to be announced with in next few days. According to the details, food and live stock minister met Affectees on Wednesday, discussed with the relief committee in detail and announced PKR.200,000 as addendum in the earlier relief package on his own discretion from the national exchequer. Talking to Voice of Hunza, here at Aliabad, Mr. Safdar Khan, secretary information Attaabad, Sarat Affectees Relief Committee said the protestors have called of strike after the assurance of food and live stock minister for a cosolidated relief package for the affectees within a week. Answering to a question whether the affectees or IDPs were happy with the announcement of minister he said that for the time being we have accepted it as an immediate relief announcement saying our protest for a revised compensation plan still exists and can go ahead for that at any cost. He claimed that Mr. Jafar has assured protestors who reached at western end of lake's facade, a red zone declared by geological experts and authorities,and risked their lives in desparation as the government kept on pledging relief package verbally not practically. Interestingly, few concerned departments of our local governments, like that of Reveneu collection and control that leaves no stone to fill to irk a common man for even a pitty work through demands of bribes in the name of additional fee is in perplexity. The department, despite of a period of 5 months, could not prepare a relief package based on assesment of the ruined villages, Attaabad and Sarat as being a part of bureaucracy, it is a biggest example of red-tap and inresponsible attitudes towards sufferings of a common man.

President asks Shah to pay special attention to communication projects in Gilgit-Baltistan
Monitoring Desk

ISLAMABAD, July 13 (APP): Chief Minister Gilgit-Baltistan, Syed Mehdi Shah on Tuesday called on President Asif Ali Zardari at Aiwan-e-Sadr. Matters relating to rehabilitation of AttaAbad lake victims of Hunza valley, development projects, provision of funds for the developmental projects, extension of Peoples Works Programme to Gilgit-Baltistan, creation of tax-free zone, Women University,extension of Women’s Bank to Gilgit-Baltistan were discussed during the meeting.
The President asked the Chief Minister to pay special attention to communications and connectivity projects in Gilgit-Baltistan which,he said, were crucial for the long term development of the region. The President apprised the Chief Minister that two MoUs had been signed during his recently concluded visit to China for building of 165 km long Jaglot- Skardu road and 135 km long Thakot-Sazin road.
He said that Pakistan was also seeking Chinese assistance in the proposed realignment of Karakurram Highway - a part of which had been submerged in the AttaAbad Lake. The President also urged for undertaking all possible measures for rehabilitation and maximum facilitation of the victims of AttaAbad Lake. He said that the federal government would continue to assist local authorities and provide all possible support for relief and rehabilitation of the displaced people through the National Disaster Management Authority, Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal, BISP and other government agencies. Syed Mehdi Shah thanked the President for his keen interest in development of Gilgit- Baltistan and rehabilitation of AttaAbad lake victims.
On the other hand, geological experts observing the movement of rocks have warned of possiblity of fall of rest of the fourtty percent are and asked public to avoid to get approach to the red zones.

Strikers vows to continue strike till acceptance to their demands for revised compensation;half of Attaabad ready to slid
VoH Report
HUNZA, Attaabad, July 12: Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) of Attaabad and Sarat village, who after spending around four and half months finally compelled to risk their lives, gathered near blockade and on strike against government's negligence in rehabilitation process. Around 310 IDPs including male, female and children have established protest camps.
Protestors blocked the temporary jeep able road to the Western facade of the blockade and commuters stranded virtually on both sides who later returned to from they came. According to the Secretary information of both disaster hit places, Safdar Ali told VoH via telephone that affectees have planned to continue their strike until and unless government does not show its willingness to accept their demands of immediate rehabilitation. " Mere a compensation of 600,000 rupee for every household is insufficient to buy and build and new shelter somewhere in the region," he maintained. Continuous rock fall and potential land failure engulfed region in fog for last four days thus created hurdles for boat service. Consequently, authorities suspended boat service to upstream.

Victims threaten to evict monitoring team
VoH Monitoring Report
GILGIT, Hunza July 11: The victims of the Attabad Lake disaster have raised doubts about the work of a monitoring team in Hunza, citing its failure to drain the 23-kilometre long lake over the past six months. “What is the use of these people?” the villagers questioned the presence of the lake monitoring team in Hunza, adding that they deserved to be expelled from the area.

The lake is still there even after six months and we can’t go back to our homes,” they said. A team of experts comprising Frontier Works Organisation (FWO) engineers has been monitoring the landslide-spurred lake since January 4 – the day a massive landslide hit Attabad – to ensure the safety of local people if it bursts its banks.The villagers who earlier staged a sit-in in the spillway for three days against the insufficient compensation package have now threatened to force the experts and the monitoring team out of the disaster-hit areas on grounds that they have not succeeded in draining the lake that has submerged five villages upstream. “The rigid attitude of the government has compelled us to take this extreme step,” a villager in Hunza told the media. “The government is neither accepting our demands for increase in the compensation package, nor is it doing enough to drain the lake which has turned us into IDPs,” said one of the victims of Shishkat village who lost his house and fields to the expanding lake.About 20 people were killed and many more injured in the landslide that swept away hundreds of houses in the Attabad village.
The experts had declared the remaining part of the Attabad village and its adjacent village – Sarat as ‘extremely vulnerable’ after the landslide, but the victims say that they have now decided to return to their villages at all cost. More than 25,000 people from villages downstream were shifted to camps after experts warned the government last month that if the lake bursts its banks, a flashflood could sweep away everything that comes in its way. Meanwhile, landslides continued to rock the Attabad Lake on Saturday, creating fears among the residents living in adjacent villages. People said that they saw dust clouds over Attabad that lasted for hours.
Source: The Express Tribune

Shia Imami Ismaili Muslim community observes 53rd Imamat day with simplicity; special prayers were held for peace, inter-communal harmony and prosperity; speakers in public gatherings highlight Aga Khan's contributions for humanity; mountain lightening glittered valleys in Gilgit-Baltistan
VoH Report
GILGIT,HUNZA, GHIZER, July 11: Shia Imami Ismaili community of Muslims Ummah celebrated 'Yaum-e-Imamat', the day of succession of Shah Karim al-Hussaini,known as Aga Khan (4th) as 49th Imam (leader) on Sundary 11 July, 2010. The day marked with and started with special prayers for integrity, global peace, inter communal faith harmony, prosperity of the country and for the resolution of challenges by humanity in to days world. Speakers in public gatherings highlighted contribution of Aga Khan (iv) for human well being across the world through a comprehensive net work named Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), working for the improvement of health care facilities, socio-economic, cultural, intellectual development and inter-communal faith harmony across the globe.
Shah Karim Al-Hussaini succeed his grand father Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah (Aga Khan iii) around 53 years back in 1957 as an Imam of the community in a young age. Like his grand father, he proved himself a leader of global raport and delivered numerous accomplishments not only for his own community, Muslim umma but also for rest of the world without any discrimination of caste, creed, faith,and culture. It was his dynamic leadership of Him and his grand father that with in a short span of time, his community emerged as a stable, well organized and knowledge based entity across the world. According to the senior citizens of the the region, it was first ever visit of Aga Khan (4th)in 1960s, this area started to stand on its foot as he started new initiatives to improve standard of living of the people under the banner of Aga Khan foundation.
His unprecedented efforts in Islamic world for preservation of civilization as a mean of Identity as a nation and constant emphasis
to respect pluralism, diversity, tolerance, acceptance, integrity, co-existence, equal opportunity, hard work, humanitarian work and after all to hold ourselves responsible of our acts before a supreme power are the some of the key factors to solve the challenges faced by the contemporary world in term of revolts, extremism and violence.

Shah Karim Al-Hussaini, Aga Khan, 49th contemporary spiritual leader of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslim community enjoys global regard for his philanthropic work for humanity.
Image source:

On the occasion of Imamat day, we the team of VoH would like to extend our heartiest wishes to the followers of Shia Imami Ismaili community and pray for a violence free just global society where terms namely uneven distribution of wealth, oppression, tyranny, intolerance, apathy and arrogance hardly found there in.
HUNZA, Hyderabad: A community centre elumintated with lighening bulbs give a chamful feelings on 53rd Imamat day of Aga Khan as 49th Imam

Yet, there exists concerns of even those belong to
the community over the conventional methods and projects hardly address the socio-economic and intellectual needs of the the people saying a visible deviation for the reason these institutions under AKDN were established.

Attaabad's potential continous land failure engulfs valleys in fog; boulders falling closed to spill way plays a havoc
VoH Report
HUNZA,July 10: The continuously potential land failure of rest of the devastated Attaabad hamlet for last five days and falling of heavy boulders in spill way has created panic among the people in Upstream as the water level again surged around five inches within a week. According to the media sources,heavy boulders continued to fall over and around spill way has played havoc among commuters, traveling via boat services from and to blockade site as they served to create high tides on surface.
Heavy fog emerged out of consistent partially ruined Attaabad settlement Eastward kept Attaabad, Sarat, Salmanabad, Ahmedabad, Altit and even Hisper valley engulfed for last three days. According to a laborer working at blockade site said that unexpected rock falling has virtually hampered boat service that was resumed resently to shift goods and public adding few laborers and a worker of Fwo has injured in sliding.
On the oteher hand, hundreds of IDPs of Attaabad, Sarat and Salmanabad have warned regional government to restart decisive protest at the facades of the barrier till the acceptance of their demands.

Hunzo-e-Maraka ensures IDPs their support
VoH Report
HUNZA, Aliabad, July 09: According to the media sources, Hunzo-e-Maraka (council of elders of Hunza) has ensured its due support to the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) of disaster hit Sarat and Attaabad villages during a meeting with protestors near blockade. Affectees, after a wait of more than a half year, in desparation has resorted to protest as the last option to voice before the apathetic government that deliver nothing but false promises and half lies, said a member of Hunzo-e-Maraka.
Affectees meanwhile also met with force commander who listened to their demands carefully and vowed to get them approved soon. Following the meeting Hunzo-e-Maraka has demanded of government to either deliver its promises or get ready to face public agitation.

IDPs reach red zone area, risk their lives, stages sit in nearby lake;vows to continue protest till approval to their demands
VoH Report
HUNZA, Attaabad,July 8: Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) of Attaabad and Sarat hamlets, the earliest disaster hit population in the fatal land slide incident of January 04, 2010 reached risking their lives and staged a sit in near the lake for the approval of their demands including proper compensation based on their needs. According to the details, a large number of protesters from the both villages marched to wards the lake on Wednesday to record their protest against failure of the government to materialize her pledges of a comprehensive plan on rehabilitation of affectees last month. The angry male protesters,established temporary camps to facilitate them till an indefinite time the public representatives including Syed Mehdi Shah, Governor doctor Shama Khalid and ministers of Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Council visit the site to listen to their due demands.
According to Safdar Khan, a resident of Attaabad, affectees have shown unwillingness towards the compensation of 0.6 million per house hold saying saying the amount annouced by government was a meager one and will hardly meet the needs in process of relocation in any other feasible place. It was also known that displaced people of the both villages had asked government to reassess the needs of the population and after revision to give them a proper package, over which nothing was done.
Government authorities after a detailed dialogue with protesters ensured to get their demands approved and sought three days for a new package. Majority of protestors, reportedly declined to keep faith over authorities for their failure to keep their promises earlier.

Dilapidated roads,unearth ditches on KKH makes pubic transport dear,who should be held responsible?

VoH Report
HUNZA,July 09: Karakorum High Way (KKH), a major land route link of Sino-Pak trade and known as seventh wonder of the world is now a days in vulnerable condition.

HUNZA, Aliabad: The Karakorum High Way (KKH), the only Sino-Pak land trade link tuned into water pools after heavy rain fall at busy places of Aliabad, the commercial hub of Hunza-Nagar is a good picture of negligance by road consruction and regularity authorities of both the countries. VoH Photo

During the reign of General (r) Pervez Musharraf,former president,the contract of the expansion of this vital road was given to a foreign building and construction firm called Chinese Road and Bridge Constructions (CRBC) around two years back with a target of 65 feet wide was reduced by 40 feet after the consultation with contemporary regime.

HUNZA, Aliabad: Contrary to claims with high sounding words by both the governments to strenthen trade links, the picture is enough to portray the condition of the only land link for Sino-Pak trade. Heavy rainfall in Central Hunza like at Aliabad, the main hub of commercial activities in Hunza-Nagar portrays a sciene of slum area where virtually light vihicles used to stuck in the mid of water poles. VoH Photo

Besides reduction in width, the road at every next point left open, posing passangers to road mishaps on pretext of Attaabad lake's out burst . Pace of work across the region is comparatively slow than before and few contractors of the firm have able to complete projects, given. The situation during last heavy rain pour that turned dilapidated road filled with muddy water into nightmare has served to infuse anger among population against road construction authorities. Poor road condition has caused to drop number of vehicles being run in public transport, increasing problems of a common man where, patients and school going children are the main sufferers in this scenario. Public circles have demanded of government to direct Chinese firm to cover ditches as soon as they get accomplish to facilitate local population.

Frequent power breakdowns irks masses in Chilas
VoH Report
CHILAS, July 09: (Jahangir Khan) With commencement of summer sunny days with burning temperature, frequent power breakdowns in Chilas city has made common life miserable. According to the details, Power department, Diamer like in past has started to rely on unscheduled load shading to tackle shortfall in Chilas, headquarter of the Diamer district. Consequently, besides problems for floor mill owners and students, commercial activities have been come to grinding halt as the temperature during day time rose up to 41 degree centigrade. Public circles had demanded of concerned authorities to make arrangements to check unnecessary use by consumers help ensure provision of electricity accordingly.

Shandur festival on peak
Voice of Hunza

SHANDuR: Players dance on the pitch to the beat of drums after the first match of the annual Shandur polo festival from a nearby hillside, about 200 km (124 miles) northwest of Chitral July 7, 2010. The polo festival, played at an estimated altitude of 3700 meters, has been running annually since 1936. Photo by: Routers

Around 170 teaching staff to be promoted to grade 14; PPP govt approved a balance budget in last 6 decades regional history, increments in pay of police, other departments implies internal autonomy says Ali Madad Sher
VoH Report
GILGIT, July 09: Ali Madad Sher, minister for education and spokesman to Chief Minister Gilgit-Baltistan has said that PPP government for the first time succeeded to get a balanced budget approved during last six decades of regional history.Talking to media persons, here at Gilgit he asserted that amount worth 350 million rupee from regional revenue also included in the fiscal year2010-11 budget. He pledged to promote around 170 teachers to grade 14. Mr. Sher said that the volume of Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly is different from other provinces for many reasons and one of them is we lack our own revenue from private and public sector. "The recent increment by 100% in the pay of police personnel implies our greater internal autonomy in decision making than before," he claimed.

SIIBS earns public appraise;humanitarian work a virtue: says Essa Khan
VoH Report
HUNZA,Aliabad, July 08: Humanitarian work to facilitate and give a relief to those in difficulties and hit by disasters is a valueless work. This was stated by Essa Khan, vice Chairman and superintendent general, Pakistan Mine Discovery International (Pvt) limited and well known social worker of Gojal, Upper Hunza, while talking to VoH (Voice of Hunza) on his return from down cities.

HUNZA, Aliabad: A group photo of SIIBS deputed at helipad playing a vital role as they serve day and night dedicately in reief operations. VoH Photo

He applauded the Shia Imami Ismaili Boy Scouts for their dedicated relief work along other humanitarian assistance agencies and organizations like FOCUS Humanitarian Assistance Pakistan, Red-Crescent, Karakorum Area Development Organization (KADO) at helipad round the clock. He awarded with them PkR 1500 in recognition of their services to commuters using airlift due to water blockade at Attaabad from and to Aliabad and to Upstream valleys.

Speaker not satisfy with the water release efforts
VoH Report
HuNZA,July 07: " We have entrusted the water release task to NDMA and FWO who have pledged to meet the target of widening of spill way but the stratgy being used seems unsatisfactory". These views were stated by Wazir Baig, speaker Gilgit-Baltistan Legislative Assembly (GBLA) while talking to VoH here at Hunza. " It does not mean the government is unaware about public sufferings rather we are observing every moment round the clock to escape every possible danger,: claimed the speaker. He said that certain anti government elements were trying to create misunderstanding among the dwellers of Hunza-Nagar saying such efforts would be annulled. He asserted that under the directives of President Asif Ali Zardari, a special rehabilitation plan for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) of Attaabad, Sarat, Ayeenabad, Nazimabad, Gulmit and Husani was under way saying further assistance to be considered if needed. He paid rich tribute to senior party activist on his death two days back saying he had worked a lot for both the welfare of people and the party itself and was a role model every one in party.He further said that there was no shortage of necessary goods for public. " Helicopters of Pakista
n Army have supplied a stock of essentials for next three months after an extensive survey keeping in view any challenge that may rise in backdrop of geological chages with increasing pressure over per square feet under the blockade water in future," he added.


  1. How long should we wait over this curse! Never has we seen this sort of business by authorities. NHA and government took bribes from compensation of poor families given their precious land. But what did our govts given them back! People beseech for compensation were derogated little from. Thanks Shams dear for identifying & addressing potential issues others in media little bother to take up dear.

  2. Hamaray logoon ko iss say gharz hay kih log chahay maray ya zinda rahay, unhay toh appnay pait bahrnay say hay gharz. Yahan kone kisi ka sochtaa piyaray. Mujay aap ki aali zarfi aor himmat ko salam denah chahiye kih akalay itna kutch Qaum Kailiyeh karrahay ho!


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Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan

Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan
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Mission Statement & Weekly VoH Publishing team

Voice of Voiceless

The blog aims to disseminate the accurate regional information without consideration of race, color, ethnicity, religion and ideology to the valuable readers across the globe. We promise to abide with the moral and professional ethics of citizen journalism through this medium of communication. The voiceless masses of this one of the most beautiful places on earth, situated in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan experience hard times due to continuous natural and man made disasters which have left them at surviving stage. Shortly speaking, in a short span of time, Hunza valley has embraces a steady socio-economic and ecological development making it self an authentic book to read about or take a model for rest of far flung valleys bordering Chines Sinkiang province in the extreme north of the country. The haphazard material development in this comparatively small area has also served to create various socio-economic and ethical problems which ultimately served to shake the fabrics of very roots and foundations of culture and civility among dwellers. On geo-political front, analysts find a very little say of a common man in the major decisions related to regional socio-economic development, violation of meritocracy by mafias in political parties, pressure groups which safe guard their own interests, a unbridled bureaucracy, corrupt regimes that patronizing nepotism or favoritism and who wield powers in Gilgit, the main hub and capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. Rapid increase in expenditures ranging from general commodity price hikes to transportation has left no option or time for people to think on other issues.
The so called Economic-Recession, unequal distribution of wealth, concentration of opportunities towards certain beings, lack of social responsiveness and transparency in government sector and no check and balance on private sector has brought its ugly implication in terms of high unemployment, depression among the youngsters, anxiety and hatred towards system of governance.
We vow to bring fore the issues of common man at grass root level, strive to highlight irregularities in government sector and flaws in public policy and finance in a democratic way. We shall continue to give our opinion on issues of importance and determine to prove a viable platform to have a positive role for public welfare, inter-communal harmony, integrity and social justice.
Amid such a situation when even the survival of country is on stake and is defamed due to continual terrorist incidents throughout the our county, we may pray for a peaceful and prosperous future of the nation. May Lord save the peaceful Gilgit-Baltistan region from the evil designs of devils in human form.

The blog has been developed and upgrading by the efforts of the following dedicated volunteers.

Board of Editors
Editor: Shamsuddin Muhammad

Co-editor: Inam Karim

Reporting Team
Karachi: Sartaj Karim

Hunza: Naeem Hamoon

Gilgit: Aslam Shah


Islamabad: Ikramullah Baig

Voice of the voiceless!

The blog is a venture with exclusive news updates, unbiased analysis and opinion on historical, cultural, ecological, socio-economic, geopolitical and administrative issues and events occurring in country in general and the region particular. It would serve as a portfolio of credible information retained first hand from own and secondary reliable electronic and print media sources and aspire to become a powerful voice for a common man. We are committed to adhere with the professional ethics of citizen journalism, a new trend to shackle the chains of excessive curb over dissemination of reality either for any cause in the name of so-called sensor, with maximum possible accuracy and least deviation while delivering information to show the real side of picture of events so that our valuable readers will have an alternative portal to know what developments are going on various levels, particularly backward areas like that of Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan, Azad Jamu and Kahsmir, Tribal areas etc., across the country. One can easily discern a great social change in terms of attitudes, perceptions both in individual and society; values and reaction to the variables in daily life patterns among the dwellers of the comparatively backwards areas like Gilgit-Baltistan, a deprived region of its fundamental rights for more than six decades of its liberation from colonial yolk. In a quest to voice over issues of vital importance, keeping closer to circle of concern, Hunza, a name famous for its beauty and rich cultural heritage has been selected to represent as a case to further the cause and issues of the rest of the region. Virtually, the region especially Hunza-Nagar retained a rapid development with a short span of time after remaining isolated for centuries to out side world. The blog also aims focus largely to identify core areas from on bottom or grass root level to the top. Keeping due consideration of inter-religious harmony, tolerance, respecting pluralism, diversity, mutual respect, democracy, equal opportunity and other aspects of human rights and professional values of journalism, the blog will serve as a binding force and medium of voice of the voiceless people of the area with reference to Gilgit-Baltistan region.

The idea of creation of this blog came into my mind during a visit after spending few years of career at Karachi, capital of Southern province to the region. While traveling from south pole of the country to north, I experienced many new changes nearly in all aspects of life explicit in urban areas and implicit in rural belts: people have opted to modern technology, availed faster means of communication; task centered behavior, selfishness, following short-cuts, chase of wealth and more opportunities in their career and many more that made their lives much more easier but crazier than before. Nevertheless, the scene suddenly turned bit dim when I entered the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. I could not believe my eyes that this was the Gilgit I saw four years ago. Many things, except the faces were utterly unchanged formats primitive outlook. The Chinese bridge that linked Danyore and Gilgit and a main source of transportation was no more. Few people told me that few journalists have lost their lives in lethal road accident due to lack of arrangements on part of concerned authority to avoid the incident. Karakorum High Way (KKH), one of the highest truck able route and so-called eighth wonder in the world is under construction and many places portray nothing but a passage through a rough stony pasture. It took nearly twenty four hours from Rawalpindi to reach after an exhaustive journey to Hunza, my home town, compared to nineteen hours in past. The scenario seemed worse in Hunza, my home town which remained unchanged for last four years except a drastic decline in standard of living of more than fifty percent of the population. One may think that people have replaced muddy homes with cement ones but that are not the real yardstick of measurement of both mental and material development. Infrastructure, fixtures, telecommunication systems were largely depreciated to their estimated life coupled with inappropriate number of personnel required in educational, administrative and health institutions. The so-called economic meltdown that started from American giant Leman soon took the world into its tyrant claws, shaking many stable economies of the world including the rural areas of developing states- a big example of negligence and subjugation by the rulers of respective countries where people live not above the level of animals. Apart from the allegations on policy makers of industrialized nations having economic interest only, the poor, irrational, incompetent, self-centered and corrupt leadership in Pakistan like other third world countries where immature economies spends it larger portion of budget expenditure on defense could not resist the negative consequences of economic crisis in terms of high rate of unemployment, recession, right or down sizing, price hikes, violation of consumer rights and so on. Hunza-Nagar, like other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan was no exception. The smiling faces that greeted us once warmly few years ago turned unhappy for the crisis brought its ugly implication on the daily life pattern of an individual thus sucking down the unique attributes of population: courtesy, generosity and hospitality. Having a so-called high rate of literacy in the country unfortunately, the region is facing many problems ranging from health to drinking water and energy sector. To many, it was because of lack of geo-political awareness and excessive tendency towards NGO culture where people little bother to beg their rights from the states besides emphasis on duties. Historical chronicles vindicate that the region remained in isolation for many centuries due to a specific location and lack of access to out side world. Many dynasties ruled the area that hardly accepted change in a traditionally sophisticated feudal based society. The wheel of transition continued to move and finally the area got librated through a mutiny with the help of indigenous population from the clutches of Dogra subjugation. Later, the area was affiliated with Pakistan vide a secret treaty called Karachi Treatise as defacto part, unconditionally. Gilgit-Baltistan region got on real terms an impetus to grow from zero level with the visit of three icons of development: Aga Khan, President Ayub Khan and Z.A.Bhutto- a historic event of its nature with long standing implications on live of the people of the region.The area could hardly observed any impulse for more than half dozen years of affiliation with Pakistan when Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan (3rd) first time introduced Diamond Jubilee Schools network during mid fifties in the region. A real phase of development gain impetus when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) stepped in the region, a population with miserable conditions in 1960. He initiated many new projects in different aspect of life, strengthening the existing educational network under the umbrella of Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) for the betterment and uplift standard of living of masses lived under poverty line. Aga Khan Development Network in collaboration with donor agencies, with a view to bring social change from grass roots level, initiated rural support programme and other services for less-privileged societies in the region. In simple words, initial projects were stretched to new areas under AKDN umbrella ranging from self-entrepreneurship to planning and building services. These development programmes served a catalyst for a common man who, earlier was confine to a certain limit where facilities and perks were confined to a specific creed, definitely a big change in society led to process of decline of so-called nobility. By, 1974, Z.A.Bhutto, chief of Pakistan Peoples Party and his cabinet undertook a disintegrated country following the fall of Dhaka, albeit eliminating princely status of numerous states gave them democratic structures, initiated socio-economic, political and administrative reforms in civil services cadres under 1973 constitution of Pakistan. These reforms opened a path for further reforms in tribal and affiliated princely states, mostly in mountain regions. Elders assert, by 1976, when Bhutto abolished the princely status of the units and replaced the princely flag with that of the country declared region formally its de-fecto part. The new development allowed for the first time a limited right of franchise and representation in a parallel council governed from capital. He in collaboration with international donor agencies like UNICEF and World Food Programme helped ensure provision of basic necessities like food to indigenous population still in poor conditions. He gave word to poor and enables to build his destiny. The facility fell a prey of Zia-ul-Haq who abolished the programme to benefit his favorite breed. He altered such programmes to facilitate Mujahideen busy fighting Afghan war against Soviet invasion on behalf of American assistance. By, 1988, before the withdrawal of USSR, Zia regime played a dirty game: as an integral strategy to get parallel success, he supported a breed of militants to eliminate all those against his faith in Gilgit-Baltistan. Unfortunately, the indigenous people could not understand his nefarious designs under the veil of religion that had to sustain his regime using divide and rule tactic and nothing to do with public welfare fell a prey of communal discord. Thousands of innocent people were brutally killed without a reason from both sides and this in turn sowed the seeds of sectarianism thus introducing a Kalashnikov culture in this region. On country’s political front, frequent interventions of military in politics in the wake of undemocratic moves of leadership, double standard attitude of bureaucracy and excessive influence of establishment forces harmed political evolution during last sixty two years of country's history. A finest dictatorship is considered worse than a worse democracy for it largely overlook the opinion of masses. The undemocratic regimes since 1952 onwards in general and during dictators’ regimes left people with no option but to support immature, corrupt and unable leadership confined to their self interests coupled with narrow vision. On global front, with the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, American administration started to shift its strategy of dependency and support for Pakistan especially that to check movement and expansion of communist philosophy, an anxiety among the then US policy planners. Political front once again passed through a new change in 1999 when military took over in October 1999. Numerous Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), both national and international rapport delivered remarkable work since 1990s to 2004 in many sectors like education, health, cultural preservation, design and building.

History repeated itself, but in a new form under different circumstances after cold war, when terrorists attacked twin towers of World Trade Centre, an icon of prestige and glory of America killing thousands of innocent people as a response to US policies inviting a fresh hostility between US and Islamist groups or in other words initiated an open conflict between two countering forces. To some, hidden forces worked behind the incident: Muslims thought it was a Judaist elements while to Europe and US a strike of Islamist elements; even the then Bush administration alleged Islamist groups behind this nefarious act to initiate an open armed struggle to defy its policies and interests. The September 11 incident served a cause to create sufferings for the Muslim communities residing in America and Europe. Being a sponsoring source of Jihadist elements, Pakistan was in real trouble as it was asked either ally the US or ready to go into stone age. Consequently, Pervez Musharraf took U-turn in state policy against billions of dollars as assistance. Once again, US dependency on Pakistan after Afghan war, in an endless war against an invisible enemy in terms of Osama started, leading farmer to think to gain control over natural resources in Afghanistan and Central Asian states. As a state, Pakistan endured many hardships, mostly from inside elements, Majority of our political leadership, for instance is largely nurtured under the aegis of military establishments and always ready to achieve their own interest lest it comes to compromise on national matters, evident from the successive overthrowing of representative regimes. They could not deliver any remarkable to uplift the standard of living of a common man except false promises. It was the Musharraf regime which can be given credit for many reasons: allowed a national government to complete its five year tenure, introduced local government systems for dicentralization of power though a move to by pass the then political and administrative forces like his predecessors military dictators to bolster one man show. Apart from few of blunders in terms of killing of Akbar Bugti, subjugation of judiciary, appointment of army on service and retired personnel in institutions offering higher education, other key positions in major public organiztions and using force as a decisive force instead of dialogue his regime can be recalled for many things during last eight years. He was the first who put hand on non-state actors, brought changes in status of deprived regions like Gilgit-Baltistan bringing reforms and took initiatives to improve education and health facilities. He gave us an International University, increased woman representation, empowered Northern Light Infantry, established N.A scouts and notified Hunza-Nagar district and many more. Yet, at the same time on mass level, despite many accomplishments, it failed to address the real issues of poor. Giant fishes got most and poor further got depressed as the regime greatly revolved around the interests of Chaurdhries and lords. December 2007, shall be remembered a black day when Benazir Bhutto, a female leader of international repute was assassinated at the same place where one of the most famous Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan as killed. Country fell into chaos and observed an extreme internal and internal threat to her existence second time after 1971. Good heaven, the situation soon normalized. With the dawn of democracy, based on Benazir Bhutto's sacrifice has brought a hope of change of image of the country in global economy. PPP led contemporary government has given a new Self Governance Reforms Package 2009 ahead of poles to empower the assembly to legislate on various subjects not allowed in past and choose their own Chief Minister unanimously with the consent of Prime Minister, the head of set up-a good initiative after Z.A Bhutto's compassions for the region. The package has opened a door for more autonomy resembles to that of Azad Kashmir. Though, there are many flaws in the package yet, it will serve to reduce feeling of deprivation among the masses.

There is another side of the picture that the poor performance in many of the departments in government sector during last two years has raised many questions in our mind regarding its capability to cope the challenges that the country faces internally and externally. Public welfare, security from internal and external aggressions and provision of basic necessities to the citizens is the fundamental responsibilities of modern states. Yet, more focus on external threats under security syndrome has left the country nothing but to expend on defense-thus neglecting other sectors like education, strategic personnel planning, health, trade and industry and exploitation of natural resources to strengthen our economy. As for as the private sector especially the NGOs are concerned, the are now confine to reporting to get funds, roam and measure the length of roads in their luxury vehicles. Now it depends on flow of events that will decide the future course of history.

Shamsuddin Muhammad,

Author and Editor,



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About Me

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Hyderabad,, IslamicRepublic of Pakistan, Pakistan
I am social person with a tendency towards learning knowledge that will balance the material world and the hereafter, a legacy obtained from the family. I earned my MA (General History with specialization in Modern History) and M.A.S (Master of Administrative siences with speciliazation in HRM) both from University of Karachi in 2005 and 2007 respectively, am fond of social work and public welfare. The blog focuses on social change caused by socio- economic and geo-political impulse in the country in general and the region particular.