In Violent Karachi, Insurgency Finds a Haven
VoH Monitoring Desk
KARACHI, May 23: In this violent city of 18 million people, where the country’s wealthiest live just miles from thousands of extremist religious schools and their Taliban supporters, lies the urban front line of Pakistan’s struggle with Islamic militancy. A thousand miles to the north, the Pakistani Army is fighting the Taliban in barren tribal lands, and the Central Intelligence Agency has unleashed an air war with drones. But the infrastructure that propels the insurgency — recruits, money, hiding places, and ideological underpinning — is embedded across this grubby city on the Arabian Sea, according to politicians and militants alike.
It remains unclear whether Faisal Shahzad, the Pakistani-American who is accused of planting a car bomb in Times Square, set out from Karachi for his journey to the tribal area of North Waziristan, where, according to American officials, he got training from the Pakistani Taliban.But he lived in a middle-class area of Karachi in the 1990s, and it would have been easy enough for him to find conduits to the Pakistani Taliban among this city’s more than 3,500 religious schools, or even to go to the Pakistani Taliban here directly, according to people familiar with his circumstances. New York Times

Target Killings, Shoot At Sight Orders Issued in Karachi
VOH Monitoring desk
Karachi,May 23: Sindh Interior Minister Zulfiqar Mirza on Saturday said that Rangers have been issued shoot at sight orders to end the wave of target killings in Karachi.Talking to media at a dinner hosted by Sindh Assembly Speaker Nisar Khoru in honour of Constitutional Reforms Committee in Karachi, he said that Rangers and other security forces have been ordered to shoot miscreants killing innocent people. He said that agencies have collected vital information about target killings, in light of this information, arrests are being made with great responsibility. He said that operation in Karachi is a must but search will be carried out through vigilence instead of door-to-door search. Daily Newspaper

Six held in Pakistan over failed Times Square bombing
VoH Monitor
Karachi, May 23: A Pakistani who was detained in connection with the failed car bombing in New York's Times Square had no ties with the main suspect but may have met him, the arrested man's father said today. The attempted bombing on May 1 has revived international fears about Pakistan, a US ally in the campaign against militancy, being a breeding ground for Islamist violence. Pakistan has detained at least six people suspected of ties with the failed bomb, including one who worked for a catering company servicing embassies, Salman Ashraf, a security official said. His father, Mohammad Ashraf Khan, who co-owns Hanif Rajput Catering Service, said his son had no relations with the Times Square suspect, Faisal Shahzad, and any ties with "such people" would badly affect the business. "He might have met him at a function but he doesn't have any relations with him," said Khan. "He hardly finds time for socialising. He has been too busy with his business." US authorities say Shahzad, a Pakistani-American, has admitted to the failed Times Square bomb attack and has been cooperating with investigators since his arrest on May 3. American and Pakistani authorities are likely scrambling for clues on whether those detained have ties to militants in Pakistan, who are bent on toppling the state and are violently opposed to the US presence here. The United States is convinced Pakistan Taliban militants allied with al Qaeda and operating out of northwestern border regions were behind the attempted New York bombing.
The US embassy in Pakistan issued a warning to US government personnel and American citizens yesterday about the catering company, saying it may have terrorist links. It provides services to top-flight functions in the capital, including embassy receptions. A security official said those detained also included the employee of a mobile phone company and an owner of a computer shop in Islamabad. Norwegian mobile operator Telenor said one of its staff at its Pakistani unit had been detained by Pakistani authorities over the bomb plot.A Pakistani security official said Shahzad and Ashraf are friends. "Faisal has lived in Ashraf's Islamabad house for some time," said the official. "We are investigating whether Ashraf has provided any financial support to Faisal because Ashraf and his father are rich people and they run a very big catering business." Reuters/ Independent

Budget deficit estimated at Rs 703bn for 2010-11
VOH Monitor
ISLAMABAD, May 23: The consolidated budget deficit for the next fiscal year 2010-11 is estimated at Rs 703 billion, and the deficit will be financed through borrowing frominternal and external sources, meetings of the Economic Advisory Council (EAC) and Revenue Advisory Council (RAC) were informed on Saturday.
The EAC and RAC meetings were held under the chairmanship of the prime minister’s advisor on finance and revenue to discuss budgetary proposals and other issues concerning the economy
in detail. Ambition: Official sources said the budget deficit had been worked out on the basis of Rs 1.711 trillion tax collection target for the next year to be assigned to the Federal Board of Revenue, however, the RAC called the proposed tax collection target “ambitious”. Members of the RAC said the proposed tax collection target should be based upon ground realities. Earlier, the tax collection target for the year 2010-11 was set at Rs 1.600 trillion. In case the Rs 1.711 trillion tax collection target is revised downwards, the budget deficit will further rise to over Rs 800 billion. The sources said it was decided in the meeting that the RAC would meet again today (Sunday) to discuss the tax collection target.The RAC was also informed that debt servicing would consume Rs 672 billion in the next financial year.Exemption: During the meetings, EAC and RAC members were of the view that education and health sectors should be exempted from the levy of value-added tax (VAT) to give the people access to quality healthcare and education
facilities in the private sector.Daily times

Pakistan blocks 800 web pages over 'blasphemy'

ISLAMABAD, May 22: Pakistan has blocked 800 web pages and URLs to limit access to “blasphemous” material, extending a crackdown that has already banned access to Facebook and YouTube, an official said Saturday.

The Pakistan Telecommunications Authority (PTA) banned access to Facebook, YouTube and other links, which included restricted access to Wikipedia, in view of what it called “growing sacrilegious content” this week.“At least 800 individual web pages and URLs have been blocked since the government's orders to shut Facebook and YouTube,” Wahaj us Siraj, a spokesman for the Internet Service Providers Association of Pakistan told AFP. Siraj's remarks came hours after the Facebook user who organised an “Everyone Draw Mohammed Day” competition to promote “freedom of expression”evidently took down the page along with a separate blog about the campaign.
The competition sparked angry protests in Pakistan, a Muslim country of 170 million, although members of a well-educated, moderate elite expressed disappointment on the blanket ban on the wildly popular websites. Siraj said that any decision to restore Facebook and YouTube access would be taken by the PTA.Dawn News

Gilani says extension to COAS will be looked into
VoH Watch
ISLAMABAD, May 20:Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani said on Thursday the matter of awarding extension to the Chief of Army Staff’s service term will be looked into “when its time will come”. “The matter will be looked into when the time comes,” said Gilani when he was asked to comment on the issue during his interaction with a group of senior journalists called on him here at PM House. The PM termed the statement on the issue by his cabinet’s minister for defence, Chaudhry Ahmed Mukhtar, ‘unsuitable’. Mukhtar had said neither the army chief has asked for an extension nor the government intends to extend his service. PM said that former President Pervez Musharraf accepted what the U.S. demanded of him on a phone call. “My government will not do this. We accept U.S. whenever it is needed, and else refuse their demands.” The Nation

Facebook may make disputed page inaccessible in Pakistan
VoH Monitor
WASHINGTON, May 20:: Facebook is disappointed at being blocked in Pakistan over a contest that encourages users to post caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) and may make the offending page inaccessible to users there, the social network said late Wednesday. “We are very disappointed with the Pakistani courts’ decision to block Facebook without warning, and suspect our users there feel the same way,” Facebook said in a statement to AFP. “We are analyzing the situation and the legal considerations, and will take appropriate action, which may include making this content inaccessible to users in Pakistan,” it said. Pakistan blocked access to Facebook on a court order over a competition created by a Facebook user who set up a page called “Draw Mohammed Day,” inviting people to send in caricatures of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) on May 20. Islam strictly prohibits depictions of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) as blasphemous and Muslims around the world staged angry protests over the publication of satirical cartoons of the prophet in European newspapers in 2006. The statement from the Palo Alto, California-based social network said “we want Facebook to be a place where people can openly discuss issues and express their views, while respecting the rights and feelings of others. “With now more than 400 million users from around the world, we sometimes find people discussing and posting about topics that others may find controversial, inaccurate, or offensive,” it said. “While some kinds of comments and content may be upsetting for someone — criticism of a certain culture, country, religion, lifestyle, or political ideology, for example — that alone is not a reason to remove the discussion,” it said. “We strongly believe that Facebook users have the freedom to express their opinions, and we don't typically take down content, groups or pages that speak out against countries, religions, political entities, or ideas.” The statement noted that “Nazi content is illegal in some countries” but said “that does not mean it should be removed entirely from Facebook.” “Most companies approach this issue by preventing certain content from being shown to users in the countries where it is illegal and that is our approach as well,” it added. Dawn

Terror revisits Sindh's commercial hub: 21 dead in Karachi target killings
VoH Watch
KARACHI/LAHORE, May 20: At least 21 people have been killed and 25 injured in fresh incidents of target killings in Karachi during the last 24 hours, a private TV channel reported on Wednesday. According to the channel, tension and fear have gripped the city, as shops remained closed and three vehicles were torched after the killings.The shootings took place in Shah Faisal Colony, Nagin Chowrangi, Saddar, Golden Town, Nazimabad, Dhoraji Colony, Dastagir, Korangi, Malir, Quaidabad, Qalandria and other areas. Out of the people killed, six were Pakhtuns, two Urdu-speaking citizens, two Mohajir Qaumi Movement-Haqiqi workers, two Punjabis, two Awami National Party (ANP) activists and one an activist of the Muttahida Qaumi Movement. In one of the incidents, unidentified men opened fire at a shop selling mobile phones in Shah Faisal Colony, killing a man and injuring a child, the channel reported. In the same area, unidentified gunmen shot and killed one Muhammad Hanif and injured two others. Another incident occurred in Sector 11 of Nagin Chowrangi, where motorcyclists shot and killed Abdul Karim. Later, a man was shot and killed outside the emergency section of the Civil Hospital Karachi, while another was shot in Dastagir locality. Several men also killed a man in Korangi 6, while another was murdered in the Malir area. Later at night, two more people were gunned down in Qalandria and Quaidabad areas, the channel reported, citing a police statement. Police have filed first information reports on the target killings against unidentified persons and have started investigations, while an extra contingent of police and rangers has been deployed in sensitive areas. Meet: Separately, Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah and Governor Ishratul Ibad Khan held a meeting at the Governor’s House and discussed the target killings in the city and several other issues. ANP leader Zahid Khan said his workers had been among those killed during the last 24 hours, adding that his party workers fell ‘prey to such targeted killings’ whenever the party pressed the rulers to fulfil their demands. Vested interests: Separately, the MQM condemned the killings in the city and accused the local leadership of the ANP for politicising the issue for its own vested interests. “It could be an attempt on the part of the ANP to divert attention from the activities of the Hazara community in the city against renaming of the NWFP as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,” said MQM Coordination Committee member Wasim Aftab. Dailytimes

N. Waziristan offensive up to Pakistan: Nato official VOH Monitoring desk
ISLAMABAD, May 20: It is up to Pakistan to decide when to move against militants in North Waziristan, a notorious bastion of fighters in the tribal belt bordering Afghanistan, a key Nato official said Thursday. Taliban and Al-Qaeda-linked groups are holed up in Pakistan's wild border areas with Afghanistan, particularly North Waziristan, where Pakistani officers feel under US pressure to launch an offensive. The area shot to further prominence after US officials accused the Pakistani Taliban over a failed bomb plot in New York on May 1 and the chief suspect allegedly told interrogators that he went to Waziristan for bomb training. “It is for Pakistan to set its strategy and the timings,” Robert Simmons, a Nato deputy assistant secretary general, told reporters in Islamabad during a three-day visit to Pakistan. North Waziristan was “the biggest concern,” he said, but added that Nato was satisfied with Pakistan's military operations. “Overall we are satisfied and welcome the steps that Pakistan has taken against terrorist networks,” Simmons said. Pakistan and the United States vowed Wednesday to step up efforts to prevent terror plots Wednesday as US officials briefed Islamabad on inquiries into a New York bomb plot blamed on the Pakistani Taliban. “We very much supported and praised the effort of Pakistan in dealing with terrorists in its own country. I welcome the steps which have been taken to deal it with in Swat and South Waziristan,” Simmons said. Nato was looking to broaden its ties with Pakistan at the highest political level as well as expand a training programme for Pakistani officers, civilians, police and counter-terrorism officials, he added. Nato was mulling an agreement with Pakistan on sharing secret information, the official said. “We also discussed the possibility of an agreement on the protection of classified information. It permits us to exchange classified information with the Pakistanis,” he said. Dawn

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Monitoring every regional historical development

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Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan

Discerning social Change in Gilgit-Baltistan
Reflecting socio-economic, administrative and cultural impulses in regional periphery

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Mission Statement & Weekly VoH Publishing team

Voice of Voiceless

The blog aims to disseminate the accurate regional information without consideration of race, color, ethnicity, religion and ideology to the valuable readers across the globe. We promise to abide with the moral and professional ethics of citizen journalism through this medium of communication. The voiceless masses of this one of the most beautiful places on earth, situated in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan experience hard times due to continuous natural and man made disasters which have left them at surviving stage. Shortly speaking, in a short span of time, Hunza valley has embraces a steady socio-economic and ecological development making it self an authentic book to read about or take a model for rest of far flung valleys bordering Chines Sinkiang province in the extreme north of the country. The haphazard material development in this comparatively small area has also served to create various socio-economic and ethical problems which ultimately served to shake the fabrics of very roots and foundations of culture and civility among dwellers. On geo-political front, analysts find a very little say of a common man in the major decisions related to regional socio-economic development, violation of meritocracy by mafias in political parties, pressure groups which safe guard their own interests, a unbridled bureaucracy, corrupt regimes that patronizing nepotism or favoritism and who wield powers in Gilgit, the main hub and capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. Rapid increase in expenditures ranging from general commodity price hikes to transportation has left no option or time for people to think on other issues.
The so called Economic-Recession, unequal distribution of wealth, concentration of opportunities towards certain beings, lack of social responsiveness and transparency in government sector and no check and balance on private sector has brought its ugly implication in terms of high unemployment, depression among the youngsters, anxiety and hatred towards system of governance.
We vow to bring fore the issues of common man at grass root level, strive to highlight irregularities in government sector and flaws in public policy and finance in a democratic way. We shall continue to give our opinion on issues of importance and determine to prove a viable platform to have a positive role for public welfare, inter-communal harmony, integrity and social justice.
Amid such a situation when even the survival of country is on stake and is defamed due to continual terrorist incidents throughout the our county, we may pray for a peaceful and prosperous future of the nation. May Lord save the peaceful Gilgit-Baltistan region from the evil designs of devils in human form.

The blog has been developed and upgrading by the efforts of the following dedicated volunteers.

Board of Editors
Editor: Shamsuddin Muhammad

Co-editor: Inam Karim

Reporting Team
Karachi: Sartaj Karim

Hunza: Naeem Hamoon

Gilgit: Aslam Shah


Islamabad: Ikramullah Baig

Voice of the voiceless!

The blog is a venture with exclusive news updates, unbiased analysis and opinion on historical, cultural, ecological, socio-economic, geopolitical and administrative issues and events occurring in country in general and the region particular. It would serve as a portfolio of credible information retained first hand from own and secondary reliable electronic and print media sources and aspire to become a powerful voice for a common man. We are committed to adhere with the professional ethics of citizen journalism, a new trend to shackle the chains of excessive curb over dissemination of reality either for any cause in the name of so-called sensor, with maximum possible accuracy and least deviation while delivering information to show the real side of picture of events so that our valuable readers will have an alternative portal to know what developments are going on various levels, particularly backward areas like that of Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan, Azad Jamu and Kahsmir, Tribal areas etc., across the country. One can easily discern a great social change in terms of attitudes, perceptions both in individual and society; values and reaction to the variables in daily life patterns among the dwellers of the comparatively backwards areas like Gilgit-Baltistan, a deprived region of its fundamental rights for more than six decades of its liberation from colonial yolk. In a quest to voice over issues of vital importance, keeping closer to circle of concern, Hunza, a name famous for its beauty and rich cultural heritage has been selected to represent as a case to further the cause and issues of the rest of the region. Virtually, the region especially Hunza-Nagar retained a rapid development with a short span of time after remaining isolated for centuries to out side world. The blog also aims focus largely to identify core areas from on bottom or grass root level to the top. Keeping due consideration of inter-religious harmony, tolerance, respecting pluralism, diversity, mutual respect, democracy, equal opportunity and other aspects of human rights and professional values of journalism, the blog will serve as a binding force and medium of voice of the voiceless people of the area with reference to Gilgit-Baltistan region.

The idea of creation of this blog came into my mind during a visit after spending few years of career at Karachi, capital of Southern province to the region. While traveling from south pole of the country to north, I experienced many new changes nearly in all aspects of life explicit in urban areas and implicit in rural belts: people have opted to modern technology, availed faster means of communication; task centered behavior, selfishness, following short-cuts, chase of wealth and more opportunities in their career and many more that made their lives much more easier but crazier than before. Nevertheless, the scene suddenly turned bit dim when I entered the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. I could not believe my eyes that this was the Gilgit I saw four years ago. Many things, except the faces were utterly unchanged formats primitive outlook. The Chinese bridge that linked Danyore and Gilgit and a main source of transportation was no more. Few people told me that few journalists have lost their lives in lethal road accident due to lack of arrangements on part of concerned authority to avoid the incident. Karakorum High Way (KKH), one of the highest truck able route and so-called eighth wonder in the world is under construction and many places portray nothing but a passage through a rough stony pasture. It took nearly twenty four hours from Rawalpindi to reach after an exhaustive journey to Hunza, my home town, compared to nineteen hours in past. The scenario seemed worse in Hunza, my home town which remained unchanged for last four years except a drastic decline in standard of living of more than fifty percent of the population. One may think that people have replaced muddy homes with cement ones but that are not the real yardstick of measurement of both mental and material development. Infrastructure, fixtures, telecommunication systems were largely depreciated to their estimated life coupled with inappropriate number of personnel required in educational, administrative and health institutions. The so-called economic meltdown that started from American giant Leman soon took the world into its tyrant claws, shaking many stable economies of the world including the rural areas of developing states- a big example of negligence and subjugation by the rulers of respective countries where people live not above the level of animals. Apart from the allegations on policy makers of industrialized nations having economic interest only, the poor, irrational, incompetent, self-centered and corrupt leadership in Pakistan like other third world countries where immature economies spends it larger portion of budget expenditure on defense could not resist the negative consequences of economic crisis in terms of high rate of unemployment, recession, right or down sizing, price hikes, violation of consumer rights and so on. Hunza-Nagar, like other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan was no exception. The smiling faces that greeted us once warmly few years ago turned unhappy for the crisis brought its ugly implication on the daily life pattern of an individual thus sucking down the unique attributes of population: courtesy, generosity and hospitality. Having a so-called high rate of literacy in the country unfortunately, the region is facing many problems ranging from health to drinking water and energy sector. To many, it was because of lack of geo-political awareness and excessive tendency towards NGO culture where people little bother to beg their rights from the states besides emphasis on duties. Historical chronicles vindicate that the region remained in isolation for many centuries due to a specific location and lack of access to out side world. Many dynasties ruled the area that hardly accepted change in a traditionally sophisticated feudal based society. The wheel of transition continued to move and finally the area got librated through a mutiny with the help of indigenous population from the clutches of Dogra subjugation. Later, the area was affiliated with Pakistan vide a secret treaty called Karachi Treatise as defacto part, unconditionally. Gilgit-Baltistan region got on real terms an impetus to grow from zero level with the visit of three icons of development: Aga Khan, President Ayub Khan and Z.A.Bhutto- a historic event of its nature with long standing implications on live of the people of the region.The area could hardly observed any impulse for more than half dozen years of affiliation with Pakistan when Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan (3rd) first time introduced Diamond Jubilee Schools network during mid fifties in the region. A real phase of development gain impetus when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) stepped in the region, a population with miserable conditions in 1960. He initiated many new projects in different aspect of life, strengthening the existing educational network under the umbrella of Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) for the betterment and uplift standard of living of masses lived under poverty line. Aga Khan Development Network in collaboration with donor agencies, with a view to bring social change from grass roots level, initiated rural support programme and other services for less-privileged societies in the region. In simple words, initial projects were stretched to new areas under AKDN umbrella ranging from self-entrepreneurship to planning and building services. These development programmes served a catalyst for a common man who, earlier was confine to a certain limit where facilities and perks were confined to a specific creed, definitely a big change in society led to process of decline of so-called nobility. By, 1974, Z.A.Bhutto, chief of Pakistan Peoples Party and his cabinet undertook a disintegrated country following the fall of Dhaka, albeit eliminating princely status of numerous states gave them democratic structures, initiated socio-economic, political and administrative reforms in civil services cadres under 1973 constitution of Pakistan. These reforms opened a path for further reforms in tribal and affiliated princely states, mostly in mountain regions. Elders assert, by 1976, when Bhutto abolished the princely status of the units and replaced the princely flag with that of the country declared region formally its de-fecto part. The new development allowed for the first time a limited right of franchise and representation in a parallel council governed from capital. He in collaboration with international donor agencies like UNICEF and World Food Programme helped ensure provision of basic necessities like food to indigenous population still in poor conditions. He gave word to poor and enables to build his destiny. The facility fell a prey of Zia-ul-Haq who abolished the programme to benefit his favorite breed. He altered such programmes to facilitate Mujahideen busy fighting Afghan war against Soviet invasion on behalf of American assistance. By, 1988, before the withdrawal of USSR, Zia regime played a dirty game: as an integral strategy to get parallel success, he supported a breed of militants to eliminate all those against his faith in Gilgit-Baltistan. Unfortunately, the indigenous people could not understand his nefarious designs under the veil of religion that had to sustain his regime using divide and rule tactic and nothing to do with public welfare fell a prey of communal discord. Thousands of innocent people were brutally killed without a reason from both sides and this in turn sowed the seeds of sectarianism thus introducing a Kalashnikov culture in this region. On country’s political front, frequent interventions of military in politics in the wake of undemocratic moves of leadership, double standard attitude of bureaucracy and excessive influence of establishment forces harmed political evolution during last sixty two years of country's history. A finest dictatorship is considered worse than a worse democracy for it largely overlook the opinion of masses. The undemocratic regimes since 1952 onwards in general and during dictators’ regimes left people with no option but to support immature, corrupt and unable leadership confined to their self interests coupled with narrow vision. On global front, with the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, American administration started to shift its strategy of dependency and support for Pakistan especially that to check movement and expansion of communist philosophy, an anxiety among the then US policy planners. Political front once again passed through a new change in 1999 when military took over in October 1999. Numerous Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), both national and international rapport delivered remarkable work since 1990s to 2004 in many sectors like education, health, cultural preservation, design and building.

History repeated itself, but in a new form under different circumstances after cold war, when terrorists attacked twin towers of World Trade Centre, an icon of prestige and glory of America killing thousands of innocent people as a response to US policies inviting a fresh hostility between US and Islamist groups or in other words initiated an open conflict between two countering forces. To some, hidden forces worked behind the incident: Muslims thought it was a Judaist elements while to Europe and US a strike of Islamist elements; even the then Bush administration alleged Islamist groups behind this nefarious act to initiate an open armed struggle to defy its policies and interests. The September 11 incident served a cause to create sufferings for the Muslim communities residing in America and Europe. Being a sponsoring source of Jihadist elements, Pakistan was in real trouble as it was asked either ally the US or ready to go into stone age. Consequently, Pervez Musharraf took U-turn in state policy against billions of dollars as assistance. Once again, US dependency on Pakistan after Afghan war, in an endless war against an invisible enemy in terms of Osama started, leading farmer to think to gain control over natural resources in Afghanistan and Central Asian states. As a state, Pakistan endured many hardships, mostly from inside elements, Majority of our political leadership, for instance is largely nurtured under the aegis of military establishments and always ready to achieve their own interest lest it comes to compromise on national matters, evident from the successive overthrowing of representative regimes. They could not deliver any remarkable to uplift the standard of living of a common man except false promises. It was the Musharraf regime which can be given credit for many reasons: allowed a national government to complete its five year tenure, introduced local government systems for dicentralization of power though a move to by pass the then political and administrative forces like his predecessors military dictators to bolster one man show. Apart from few of blunders in terms of killing of Akbar Bugti, subjugation of judiciary, appointment of army on service and retired personnel in institutions offering higher education, other key positions in major public organiztions and using force as a decisive force instead of dialogue his regime can be recalled for many things during last eight years. He was the first who put hand on non-state actors, brought changes in status of deprived regions like Gilgit-Baltistan bringing reforms and took initiatives to improve education and health facilities. He gave us an International University, increased woman representation, empowered Northern Light Infantry, established N.A scouts and notified Hunza-Nagar district and many more. Yet, at the same time on mass level, despite many accomplishments, it failed to address the real issues of poor. Giant fishes got most and poor further got depressed as the regime greatly revolved around the interests of Chaurdhries and lords. December 2007, shall be remembered a black day when Benazir Bhutto, a female leader of international repute was assassinated at the same place where one of the most famous Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan as killed. Country fell into chaos and observed an extreme internal and internal threat to her existence second time after 1971. Good heaven, the situation soon normalized. With the dawn of democracy, based on Benazir Bhutto's sacrifice has brought a hope of change of image of the country in global economy. PPP led contemporary government has given a new Self Governance Reforms Package 2009 ahead of poles to empower the assembly to legislate on various subjects not allowed in past and choose their own Chief Minister unanimously with the consent of Prime Minister, the head of set up-a good initiative after Z.A Bhutto's compassions for the region. The package has opened a door for more autonomy resembles to that of Azad Kashmir. Though, there are many flaws in the package yet, it will serve to reduce feeling of deprivation among the masses.

There is another side of the picture that the poor performance in many of the departments in government sector during last two years has raised many questions in our mind regarding its capability to cope the challenges that the country faces internally and externally. Public welfare, security from internal and external aggressions and provision of basic necessities to the citizens is the fundamental responsibilities of modern states. Yet, more focus on external threats under security syndrome has left the country nothing but to expend on defense-thus neglecting other sectors like education, strategic personnel planning, health, trade and industry and exploitation of natural resources to strengthen our economy. As for as the private sector especially the NGOs are concerned, the are now confine to reporting to get funds, roam and measure the length of roads in their luxury vehicles. Now it depends on flow of events that will decide the future course of history.

Shamsuddin Muhammad,

Author and Editor,



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About Me

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Hyderabad,, IslamicRepublic of Pakistan, Pakistan
I am social person with a tendency towards learning knowledge that will balance the material world and the hereafter, a legacy obtained from the family. I earned my MA (General History with specialization in Modern History) and M.A.S (Master of Administrative siences with speciliazation in HRM) both from University of Karachi in 2005 and 2007 respectively, am fond of social work and public welfare. The blog focuses on social change caused by socio- economic and geo-political impulse in the country in general and the region particular.