Voice of Hunza
November 01-10
Following the announcement of candidates by political parties for upcoming elections, the region has gripped into election fever. In Hunza, like other areas of the region many candidates are in the field to entitle seat to lead the people. A good news was received through one of reliable source couple of weeks ago that Youth in Gojal in consultation with the elders and common masses, chalking on walls and smooth plates on the mountains especially along the Karakorum High Way was prohibited as it puts a bad impression on visitors both domestic and international. A day before yesterday, in a meeting that held in Central Hunza, all contestants agreed to a election code of conduct that emphasizes to abstain wall chalking of any type, euphism, slang language, personal attacks, character assassination and giving harm to posters and valuables of opponent party for the larger interest in general and to to preserve peace and beauty of the region in particular. Contestants also agree verbally to avoid blame politics to get competitive advantage during election compaigns living with in the codes agreed upon consensusly. Those will served as a bridle to those enthusiastic individuals who are always ready to fight with the opponent party-thus bringing round those all emotional entities towards democratic mindset filled with patience and acceptance. The available data and common observation is revealing change of events gradually. Lets take an eye birds view on situation in Gilgit-Baltistan. Pakistan peoples party in many districts seems to face a lot of trouble until and unless it brings round in the final stage to renounce for the main candidate the specific regional committee proposes. Denial of ticket consequently has back fired and many candidates in Gilgit, three constituencies of Skardu, both constituencies of Nagar, LA-13 Astore constituency number 01, and in some other districts are contesting election as independant candidates. The resultant is that ruling party is facing a tough time as those who were unsuccessful to get party ticket have become a problem for those who succeeded to get the elction to the Gilgit Baltistan Legislative Assembly (GBLA) representation going to be held on November 12, 2009. Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Muslim League(Q), Mutahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), Karakorum National Movement (KNM), Jamat-e-Islami (J.I) and some other parties following distribution of tickets to their respective candidates have started formal election compaign to attract voters in their continuencies. Conrer meetings have been increased and public gatherings and rallies are being organized by different political parties to show their strength.
In Hunza, Pakistan Peoples Party and Muttahida Qaumi Movement, Pakistan Muslim League (N) and (Q), Karakorum National Movement and other independant candidates have initiated a regourous election compaign. Many new things are being observed in this time: the elections would be under new reform package-Gilgit Baltistan Self-empowerment and Governance order 2009, most of the candidates portraying their party head as a symbole of success, inception of different mainstream national political parties-thus creating political diversity, refrain from blame game, restriction on wall chalking to preserve natural beauty across Hunza, euphamism, more political conciousness and choice with the voters to vote to their favourite candidate. A large number of candidates are contesting election for twenty three seat of seven district in Gilgit-Baltistan.
As for as the expected raw between the candidates in the whole region are concerned, in constituency number 2 in Gilgit, political gurus predict a nail-biting raw between Hafiz Hafeez-ur-Rehman of PML(N) and Jameel Ahmed of Pakistan Peoples' Party and both are busy with election compaigns to attract voters towards their camps. A tough competition is envisioned between Imran Nadeem of PPP and MQM's Raja Azam for LA-12 in Skardu. Both have good public relations and expedited their election compaings. In Hunza, for LA-6 there are about nine candidates in the field. According to many gurus a tough competition is expected between five contestants: Wazir Baig of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), Kamil Jan of Mutahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), Prince Shehryar of PML (N) and Rehmat-ullah-Khan of PML (Q) and Noor Muhammad of Hunza Action Committee (HAC). Nevertheless, few say that the situation may be changed within few days followed by bargaining.
When read between the lines two new things are apparent: corporate political tendency and extensive publicity. As for as the first phenomenan is concerned, when analyzed can be further ascertained in three shapes: firstly the candidates are qualified or experienced in business techniques and secondly, able to settle scores through new techniques to tackle the situation and get the things done as they want. On the other hand we have few candidates are having an experience as political worker and know about the nounces of game in the region. While the third breed will rely on the results whatever they come. Politics is a game of chance and a candiate can face defeat as one has to win among the two in the feild. Democracy in its ugliest form is considered even more desirable even against the finest dictatorship and the election is its integral part of its processes. People should have freedom of vote for their favourite candidates.
Now a days, the people of the region are academically well qualified and know about the naunces and intricacies of politicians. It is a good time to present our due demands to our expected leadership to solve on priority basis. Nevertheless, it has been observed that youth on account of misunderstanding have been enter into mutual discord that led to quarrel. This is against the norms of our region that patronize democratic process.But it is also worthy to remember that this should not be at the cost of deterioration of our cultural values and mutual respect. Election is like a tournament and lasts for few days; we having interdependancy have to rely on each others. We hope that the new leadership will prove a binding force among the three parts of Hunza to eliminate the designs of evil forces that want to exploite every opportunity to divide and rule on us.
In the last I want to share my observations during last one and half week in the region in the form of Urdu verses. This is the first poetry that may gramatically incorrect but can be read as my personal feelings.



2nd Editorial
Kerry Lugger Mess-what ails us
Talking to a public gathering Dr. Sher Afgan Niazi, former law minister has said that both opposition and more than one hundred seventy million people will not accept a conditional bill that mortgages the state sovereignty and creat confusions on national security.
In truth, it was first time that people had a previllege to listen some national issues living in own domestic problems. Before entering into discussion lets take a bird's eye view of nature of relations of USA with Pakistan since its creation. Pakistan and US has a diversified rather varied history of mutual relationship that some times changed from warm to cold with respective to global circumstances and scenario.By 1950, Pakistan signed a treaty with US for military alliance and security. Our expectations of in time reinforcement from America fell a pray of betrayal when she declare to be nuetral during 1965 and 1971 wars with India. The invasion of USSR on Afghanistan initiated a new chapter of mutual relations. Seeing a good partner, Washington wanted to expliot the opportunity providing hundreds of million dollars in the form of aid to make the Russia run away. This aid was provided with amendments: Symington, Pele and Pressler amendments, relevant and aimed to stall nuclear programme of the country. Yet with the passage of time restrictions and conditions against the nuclear progress were overlooked as the alliance of Pakistan was more vital for American goepolitcal interests. Now we come to the point that is Kerry Loggar Bill presented by American Senate to Pakistan. The bill has created an extesive debate in various circles of the life. Lets see what Kerry Loggar Law really is? Joe Biden, a candidate for presidential elections last year planned comparatively unique policy with Pakistan introducing modern dynamics in the relationship pattern with larger emphasis on socio-economic and political development via aid package. Joe presented the bill in the Senate an aid package of $ 1.5 billion for next five years period that is renewable with the addition of about one billion dollar for the next more five years. The aid is like a dividen given for securing democracy and performance based assistance to military establishment with a comprehesive system of accountiblity. When Obama administration took charge of government after a slight exercise Biden-Luggar bill was renamed as Kerry Loggar bill and formally known as Enhanced partnership with Pakistan Act of 2009. The main clauses of philosophy of democracy remained unchaged.Yet, the phenomenon of dividend against security of democracy was deleted as American were well aware about the credibility of an NRO infacted Zardari government.Some clauses especially section 203 has been coded with inappropriate worded conditionalities attached for military aid and state security. Section 302 calls for semi-annual monitoring reports submission and assessment to the extent that the government exercises effectively civilian control over military and oversight of civilian and political leadership, approval of military budget, process of chain of command, decentralization of authorities, machanism of promotion of military top leadership, civilian involvement in strategic planning and military existance in civil administration. one of the most important certification clause in other critical conditionalities is country's better coorperation to dismentle nuclear proliferation net words and permission to access people alleged to involved in it in past. Some of very important conditions including elimination of terrorist groups, operational base camps and their networks in Balochistan and Punjab, to cease apparent support by intelligence agencies to terrorists, prhohibiting Taliban and its affiliated militant groups to use its land against other countries. The clear message is that Pakistan has to prove that it is no more heaven of Al-Qaida and other extremist groups. Another important condition kept is to assure congress that security forces of Pakistan willnot involved to subvert political and judicial processes in the country. There is still controversy regarding the status of aid bill. Pro government analysts says that passage of Kerry Lugar Bill is a historic development on part of our government for US has hardly shown such a generous attiude since creation of Pakistan using social development policy dynamics. The situation is still complex as top bras leadership of armed forces expressed their concerns over certain clauses of bill related to military aid on specific conditions. Top brass military leaders expressed their due concerns and made their opinion public for they knew the country is being sidelined. In public circles rumours are compromise on national soverienty.
On the other hand Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi speaking to a press confrence with Hillary Clinton, US secretary state in Islamabad a couple of days earlier said that we are observing a tangible policy shift from an individual to the people of Pakistan. The doubts remain as it is because facts remain as they are. Large number of analysts, editors and political experts have put the light from different angles. The bill has done nothing good to relations of both history as there is nothing unusual with aid relevant conditions. Every concept of foreign assistance imply mutually focused objectives of recipient and donor states keeping in view priorities in socio-economic, political, military and cultural arena. Historical records are evident that many plans like that of Marshal plan had many conditionalities binding on state in past. Such situations needs extensive home work, before introduction and what I see is lack of proper prior home work on the bill by rulling party too.
Here exists some vaxing ground realities to consider in the country. If the assessment is caried out keeping in view efficiency and transparancy will show the scarcity of credibility and eligiblity to exercise command on military. Moreover, there are certain useless conditions like that of appointment of topbrass military leadership. Even a child of the country knows that such appointments need approval of head of state throgh a formal process. Nevertheless there are some questions in our mind whether these conditions in the interest of our country? why people are politicizing it making hue and cry? whether training camps are in the interest of Pakistan? Is the elimination of extrimism from the country not our prime objective? The simple answer is absolutely positive-these all conditions are the geniune demand of the people of Pakistan who want to continue democratic process, avoid military to topple representitive regimes, elimination of terrorist origins and their existance. The existing ontroversy, otherwise, may create a gulf among political, civil and military with unpredictable implications. So, consensus is need of hour for the confrontation with Washington does not benefit Pakistan.
One of the other major deficiency in the Kerry Luggar Bill is unsound or inappropriate mechanism of reporting suggested by the donor agencies that will hardly help to get objectives. Development assistance always brings a series of profound challenges and security related issues. If the USA is keen to improve its relationship as a sincere friend of Pakistan then the political realities should be kept in mind while priroritizing things. The propose reporting and operational mechanism will no benefit for the poor class which is the actual philosophy behind assistance.
So, the real challenge can be to utilize whatever we get in form of assistance for social and economic upliftment of common man. It is expected that the aid would not destine to adorn the pockets of political elite and establishment, rather, it should serve as a catalyst for vital socio-economic change for which a common man dreams for in the country.



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Mission Statement & Weekly VoH Publishing team

Voice of Voiceless

The blog aims to disseminate the accurate regional information without consideration of race, color, ethnicity, religion and ideology to the valuable readers across the globe. We promise to abide with the moral and professional ethics of citizen journalism through this medium of communication. The voiceless masses of this one of the most beautiful places on earth, situated in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan experience hard times due to continuous natural and man made disasters which have left them at surviving stage. Shortly speaking, in a short span of time, Hunza valley has embraces a steady socio-economic and ecological development making it self an authentic book to read about or take a model for rest of far flung valleys bordering Chines Sinkiang province in the extreme north of the country. The haphazard material development in this comparatively small area has also served to create various socio-economic and ethical problems which ultimately served to shake the fabrics of very roots and foundations of culture and civility among dwellers. On geo-political front, analysts find a very little say of a common man in the major decisions related to regional socio-economic development, violation of meritocracy by mafias in political parties, pressure groups which safe guard their own interests, a unbridled bureaucracy, corrupt regimes that patronizing nepotism or favoritism and who wield powers in Gilgit, the main hub and capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. Rapid increase in expenditures ranging from general commodity price hikes to transportation has left no option or time for people to think on other issues.
The so called Economic-Recession, unequal distribution of wealth, concentration of opportunities towards certain beings, lack of social responsiveness and transparency in government sector and no check and balance on private sector has brought its ugly implication in terms of high unemployment, depression among the youngsters, anxiety and hatred towards system of governance.
We vow to bring fore the issues of common man at grass root level, strive to highlight irregularities in government sector and flaws in public policy and finance in a democratic way. We shall continue to give our opinion on issues of importance and determine to prove a viable platform to have a positive role for public welfare, inter-communal harmony, integrity and social justice.
Amid such a situation when even the survival of country is on stake and is defamed due to continual terrorist incidents throughout the our county, we may pray for a peaceful and prosperous future of the nation. May Lord save the peaceful Gilgit-Baltistan region from the evil designs of devils in human form.

The blog has been developed and upgrading by the efforts of the following dedicated volunteers.

Board of Editors
Editor: Shamsuddin Muhammad

Co-editor: Inam Karim
Email: inamkarim02@gmail.com

Reporting Team
Karachi: Sartaj Karim
Email: sartaj_compaq@hotmail.com

Hunza: Naeem Hamoon
Email: naeemhmn@hotmail.com

Gilgit: Aslam Shah

Email: hunzaishah@gmail.com

Islamabad: Ikramullah Baig
Email: hunza_havenonearth@yahoo.com

Voice of the voiceless!

The blog is a venture with exclusive news updates, unbiased analysis and opinion on historical, cultural, ecological, socio-economic, geopolitical and administrative issues and events occurring in country in general and the region particular. It would serve as a portfolio of credible information retained first hand from own and secondary reliable electronic and print media sources and aspire to become a powerful voice for a common man. We are committed to adhere with the professional ethics of citizen journalism, a new trend to shackle the chains of excessive curb over dissemination of reality either for any cause in the name of so-called sensor, with maximum possible accuracy and least deviation while delivering information to show the real side of picture of events so that our valuable readers will have an alternative portal to know what developments are going on various levels, particularly backward areas like that of Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan, Azad Jamu and Kahsmir, Tribal areas etc., across the country. One can easily discern a great social change in terms of attitudes, perceptions both in individual and society; values and reaction to the variables in daily life patterns among the dwellers of the comparatively backwards areas like Gilgit-Baltistan, a deprived region of its fundamental rights for more than six decades of its liberation from colonial yolk. In a quest to voice over issues of vital importance, keeping closer to circle of concern, Hunza, a name famous for its beauty and rich cultural heritage has been selected to represent as a case to further the cause and issues of the rest of the region. Virtually, the region especially Hunza-Nagar retained a rapid development with a short span of time after remaining isolated for centuries to out side world. The blog also aims focus largely to identify core areas from on bottom or grass root level to the top. Keeping due consideration of inter-religious harmony, tolerance, respecting pluralism, diversity, mutual respect, democracy, equal opportunity and other aspects of human rights and professional values of journalism, the blog will serve as a binding force and medium of voice of the voiceless people of the area with reference to Gilgit-Baltistan region.

The idea of creation of this blog came into my mind during a visit after spending few years of career at Karachi, capital of Southern province to the region. While traveling from south pole of the country to north, I experienced many new changes nearly in all aspects of life explicit in urban areas and implicit in rural belts: people have opted to modern technology, availed faster means of communication; task centered behavior, selfishness, following short-cuts, chase of wealth and more opportunities in their career and many more that made their lives much more easier but crazier than before. Nevertheless, the scene suddenly turned bit dim when I entered the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. I could not believe my eyes that this was the Gilgit I saw four years ago. Many things, except the faces were utterly unchanged formats primitive outlook. The Chinese bridge that linked Danyore and Gilgit and a main source of transportation was no more. Few people told me that few journalists have lost their lives in lethal road accident due to lack of arrangements on part of concerned authority to avoid the incident. Karakorum High Way (KKH), one of the highest truck able route and so-called eighth wonder in the world is under construction and many places portray nothing but a passage through a rough stony pasture. It took nearly twenty four hours from Rawalpindi to reach after an exhaustive journey to Hunza, my home town, compared to nineteen hours in past. The scenario seemed worse in Hunza, my home town which remained unchanged for last four years except a drastic decline in standard of living of more than fifty percent of the population. One may think that people have replaced muddy homes with cement ones but that are not the real yardstick of measurement of both mental and material development. Infrastructure, fixtures, telecommunication systems were largely depreciated to their estimated life coupled with inappropriate number of personnel required in educational, administrative and health institutions. The so-called economic meltdown that started from American giant Leman soon took the world into its tyrant claws, shaking many stable economies of the world including the rural areas of developing states- a big example of negligence and subjugation by the rulers of respective countries where people live not above the level of animals. Apart from the allegations on policy makers of industrialized nations having economic interest only, the poor, irrational, incompetent, self-centered and corrupt leadership in Pakistan like other third world countries where immature economies spends it larger portion of budget expenditure on defense could not resist the negative consequences of economic crisis in terms of high rate of unemployment, recession, right or down sizing, price hikes, violation of consumer rights and so on. Hunza-Nagar, like other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan was no exception. The smiling faces that greeted us once warmly few years ago turned unhappy for the crisis brought its ugly implication on the daily life pattern of an individual thus sucking down the unique attributes of population: courtesy, generosity and hospitality. Having a so-called high rate of literacy in the country unfortunately, the region is facing many problems ranging from health to drinking water and energy sector. To many, it was because of lack of geo-political awareness and excessive tendency towards NGO culture where people little bother to beg their rights from the states besides emphasis on duties. Historical chronicles vindicate that the region remained in isolation for many centuries due to a specific location and lack of access to out side world. Many dynasties ruled the area that hardly accepted change in a traditionally sophisticated feudal based society. The wheel of transition continued to move and finally the area got librated through a mutiny with the help of indigenous population from the clutches of Dogra subjugation. Later, the area was affiliated with Pakistan vide a secret treaty called Karachi Treatise as defacto part, unconditionally. Gilgit-Baltistan region got on real terms an impetus to grow from zero level with the visit of three icons of development: Aga Khan, President Ayub Khan and Z.A.Bhutto- a historic event of its nature with long standing implications on live of the people of the region.The area could hardly observed any impulse for more than half dozen years of affiliation with Pakistan when Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan (3rd) first time introduced Diamond Jubilee Schools network during mid fifties in the region. A real phase of development gain impetus when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) stepped in the region, a population with miserable conditions in 1960. He initiated many new projects in different aspect of life, strengthening the existing educational network under the umbrella of Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) for the betterment and uplift standard of living of masses lived under poverty line. Aga Khan Development Network in collaboration with donor agencies, with a view to bring social change from grass roots level, initiated rural support programme and other services for less-privileged societies in the region. In simple words, initial projects were stretched to new areas under AKDN umbrella ranging from self-entrepreneurship to planning and building services. These development programmes served a catalyst for a common man who, earlier was confine to a certain limit where facilities and perks were confined to a specific creed, definitely a big change in society led to process of decline of so-called nobility. By, 1974, Z.A.Bhutto, chief of Pakistan Peoples Party and his cabinet undertook a disintegrated country following the fall of Dhaka, albeit eliminating princely status of numerous states gave them democratic structures, initiated socio-economic, political and administrative reforms in civil services cadres under 1973 constitution of Pakistan. These reforms opened a path for further reforms in tribal and affiliated princely states, mostly in mountain regions. Elders assert, by 1976, when Bhutto abolished the princely status of the units and replaced the princely flag with that of the country declared region formally its de-fecto part. The new development allowed for the first time a limited right of franchise and representation in a parallel council governed from capital. He in collaboration with international donor agencies like UNICEF and World Food Programme helped ensure provision of basic necessities like food to indigenous population still in poor conditions. He gave word to poor and enables to build his destiny. The facility fell a prey of Zia-ul-Haq who abolished the programme to benefit his favorite breed. He altered such programmes to facilitate Mujahideen busy fighting Afghan war against Soviet invasion on behalf of American assistance. By, 1988, before the withdrawal of USSR, Zia regime played a dirty game: as an integral strategy to get parallel success, he supported a breed of militants to eliminate all those against his faith in Gilgit-Baltistan. Unfortunately, the indigenous people could not understand his nefarious designs under the veil of religion that had to sustain his regime using divide and rule tactic and nothing to do with public welfare fell a prey of communal discord. Thousands of innocent people were brutally killed without a reason from both sides and this in turn sowed the seeds of sectarianism thus introducing a Kalashnikov culture in this region. On country’s political front, frequent interventions of military in politics in the wake of undemocratic moves of leadership, double standard attitude of bureaucracy and excessive influence of establishment forces harmed political evolution during last sixty two years of country's history. A finest dictatorship is considered worse than a worse democracy for it largely overlook the opinion of masses. The undemocratic regimes since 1952 onwards in general and during dictators’ regimes left people with no option but to support immature, corrupt and unable leadership confined to their self interests coupled with narrow vision. On global front, with the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, American administration started to shift its strategy of dependency and support for Pakistan especially that to check movement and expansion of communist philosophy, an anxiety among the then US policy planners. Political front once again passed through a new change in 1999 when military took over in October 1999. Numerous Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), both national and international rapport delivered remarkable work since 1990s to 2004 in many sectors like education, health, cultural preservation, design and building.

History repeated itself, but in a new form under different circumstances after cold war, when terrorists attacked twin towers of World Trade Centre, an icon of prestige and glory of America killing thousands of innocent people as a response to US policies inviting a fresh hostility between US and Islamist groups or in other words initiated an open conflict between two countering forces. To some, hidden forces worked behind the incident: Muslims thought it was a Judaist elements while to Europe and US a strike of Islamist elements; even the then Bush administration alleged Islamist groups behind this nefarious act to initiate an open armed struggle to defy its policies and interests. The September 11 incident served a cause to create sufferings for the Muslim communities residing in America and Europe. Being a sponsoring source of Jihadist elements, Pakistan was in real trouble as it was asked either ally the US or ready to go into stone age. Consequently, Pervez Musharraf took U-turn in state policy against billions of dollars as assistance. Once again, US dependency on Pakistan after Afghan war, in an endless war against an invisible enemy in terms of Osama started, leading farmer to think to gain control over natural resources in Afghanistan and Central Asian states. As a state, Pakistan endured many hardships, mostly from inside elements, Majority of our political leadership, for instance is largely nurtured under the aegis of military establishments and always ready to achieve their own interest lest it comes to compromise on national matters, evident from the successive overthrowing of representative regimes. They could not deliver any remarkable to uplift the standard of living of a common man except false promises. It was the Musharraf regime which can be given credit for many reasons: allowed a national government to complete its five year tenure, introduced local government systems for dicentralization of power though a move to by pass the then political and administrative forces like his predecessors military dictators to bolster one man show. Apart from few of blunders in terms of killing of Akbar Bugti, subjugation of judiciary, appointment of army on service and retired personnel in institutions offering higher education, other key positions in major public organiztions and using force as a decisive force instead of dialogue his regime can be recalled for many things during last eight years. He was the first who put hand on non-state actors, brought changes in status of deprived regions like Gilgit-Baltistan bringing reforms and took initiatives to improve education and health facilities. He gave us an International University, increased woman representation, empowered Northern Light Infantry, established N.A scouts and notified Hunza-Nagar district and many more. Yet, at the same time on mass level, despite many accomplishments, it failed to address the real issues of poor. Giant fishes got most and poor further got depressed as the regime greatly revolved around the interests of Chaurdhries and lords. December 2007, shall be remembered a black day when Benazir Bhutto, a female leader of international repute was assassinated at the same place where one of the most famous Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan as killed. Country fell into chaos and observed an extreme internal and internal threat to her existence second time after 1971. Good heaven, the situation soon normalized. With the dawn of democracy, based on Benazir Bhutto's sacrifice has brought a hope of change of image of the country in global economy. PPP led contemporary government has given a new Self Governance Reforms Package 2009 ahead of poles to empower the assembly to legislate on various subjects not allowed in past and choose their own Chief Minister unanimously with the consent of Prime Minister, the head of set up-a good initiative after Z.A Bhutto's compassions for the region. The package has opened a door for more autonomy resembles to that of Azad Kashmir. Though, there are many flaws in the package yet, it will serve to reduce feeling of deprivation among the masses.

There is another side of the picture that the poor performance in many of the departments in government sector during last two years has raised many questions in our mind regarding its capability to cope the challenges that the country faces internally and externally. Public welfare, security from internal and external aggressions and provision of basic necessities to the citizens is the fundamental responsibilities of modern states. Yet, more focus on external threats under security syndrome has left the country nothing but to expend on defense-thus neglecting other sectors like education, strategic personnel planning, health, trade and industry and exploitation of natural resources to strengthen our economy. As for as the private sector especially the NGOs are concerned, the are now confine to reporting to get funds, roam and measure the length of roads in their luxury vehicles. Now it depends on flow of events that will decide the future course of history.

Shamsuddin Muhammad,

Author and Editor,



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About Me

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Hyderabad,, IslamicRepublic of Pakistan, Pakistan
I am social person with a tendency towards learning knowledge that will balance the material world and the hereafter, a legacy obtained from the family. I earned my MA (General History with specialization in Modern History) and M.A.S (Master of Administrative siences with speciliazation in HRM) both from University of Karachi in 2005 and 2007 respectively, am fond of social work and public welfare. The blog focuses on social change caused by socio- economic and geo-political impulse in the country in general and the region particular.