Voice of Hunza
Oct 21- October 31
Psychologists, socialogists and anthropologists agree on the opinion that out come behaviour of an individual,the basic unit is result of variation in different variables make up his self and over all social perception.People living in a specific periphery are greatly influenced by impulses that a society gradually adopts to keep pace with the outer world environment. Historical chronicles elaborates that Hunza had been remain in isolation for many centuries since the first aborigines settled in extremely hard climate. Long lasting implications still can be observed with reference to colonial context while delineating the influential approach to maximize territorial, though now changed to economic occupation and command using Mecheavilion tactics. In Hunza, colonial yolk has vital impact on geopolitics to transform an autonomous to a subjugated entity by 1876 onwards when Pakistan formally took control of the region. Similarly,contemporary Some choronoicles vindicates the inter-cultural, traditional, ecological links with some of the regions of present Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Kyrghstan and Southern province of China through passes across the region. Gilgit-Baltistan has had major arena to endure sphere of influences in form of Russia in the North, China in the East, British imperialism in the South-West during the tug of war between imperial powers formerly known as Great-Game to prove dominancy on each other. Hunza, like other parts of other regions of Gilgit-Baltistan is a sparsely has an inspirational history, adornd with many heroes like Raja Safdar Khan, Captain Shah Khan, Captain Sherkhan,Subdedar Safiullah and other comerades who at last get the area rid of colonial yolk by overthrowing them to liberate a subjugated nation. Like in Hunza,Raja Safdar Khan in the early phase makes History more interesting who outmanueres and surprises British with humiliation by warning British to think before leaping into discord with a brave nation. We pay our due tribute to all those who sacrifice their lives to stop the white angels enter Hunza at entry points of Nagar. Yet, lack of mutual understanding among different stack holders (the then Rajas and advisors),lack of amunition, updated war tactics and suitable infrastructure. Good heavens, Gilgit-Baltistan,once liberated was then affiliated with Pakistan by some mystrous poeple, though not elected through a secret treaty as taken for granted-thus keeping the region in limbo that destines to a mortgage it in the name Kashmir dipute. The chackered history of the region, that take us about sixty two years back teach us many lessons:subjugation begetes further subjugation if not resisted,rights are taken not granted,ease brings cowardness,short term benefits bring longrun losses, and haphazard mere material development without mental growth in society is detrimental to coming generations.
Hunza, like many areas of Gilgit-Baltistan is a sparcely populated on macro level surrounded by mighty Karakorum mountaneous range. Ecologically, it is charecterized by steppe, deserted mountains with arid surface at various levels and humidity with altitudes ultimately turns into snow covered mountains that nourish many pastures with scanty forests on the way. Given these assets a common utilization patterns for many centuries, pets like cows, oxes, yaks, sheeps and goats are kept for agricultural and general purposes. Nevertheless, the pattern has been drastically changed since October 23rd, 1960 when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) placed his step in this extremely poor region. He was first among 49 spritual leaders (Imams) of Ismaili faith who ever visited his followers despite many hardships on the way; initiated varous educational and social upliftment programs. This is why his followers are celeberating 49th aniversary/salgeerah of their 49th iman to commumorate his contribution to the people of the whole region in general and Hunza in particular. Before him, agriculture and animal husbandary was the prime source of sustenence with no access to any domestic market. Heavy taxes were imposed on masses based on per acre occupation with least freedom to cook a even a slight dish in any house except royal family. People had not permission to go out side Hunza to learn knowledge except a certain creed and caste. But who can block the flow of history, gradually moves the wheel of transition and a supressed nation, though educated little embrace a new development on political front in the form of dismetalation of princely status of the region by Z.A.Bhutto-thus absolving poor masses from tyrant web of taxes and other chains in life. Elders assert that it was Z.A. Bhutto who delivered some thing extra ordinary people of the region ever thought. He established a special assistance fund for the masses and sent hundreds of trucks loaded with wheat, sugar and other general commodities to help eridicate hunger and starvation among people. Many critics raise baseless questions that it was a part of his political design, by ignoring factual statements and venturing personal opinion delibrately. When decipher closely, we come to know that he was well aware about the class struggle in Pakistani society as he personally experienced and it was Bhutto who introduce Special concession for students-who were able to travel with twenty five paisas; nationalized gaint industrial estates-the main cause to sustain feudal and capitalist mindset; transfered wealth from elite to poor class and many more. He did for the region without considertion of short term gains but keeping foresight for long run political benefits in terms of affiliation of people for many generations. After all he was a human being and human is err what about the rest who change their stance with every wave. He was well aware about the sufferings and deprivations of a common man in the country for he himself experienced a rough attitude towards his mother who came from a poor family. When he saw that the subjugate poor has no say in the society, he promissed to absolve a rotten society infacted by feudal mindset to a just one by empowering a common person to enter into assemblies through vote of people to address their problems. He may had some deficiencies which were explioted later by subjugating party by fuedal forces to convert it into a party that seems to defend interests of captalists, fuedal lords and notalbes instead of common man. The party should seek the suggestions of its abiding activist to make not just a nominal peoples party but in real sense through bestowing tickets to poor to ensure and meterialize the dream of Z.A.Bhutto of empowerment of people and this implies inter party reforms. On political front, situation turned worse when General Zia toppled a democratic government, though inelastic in 1977 elections with baseless allegations of murder case of Dr. Khan. Many were surpized to observe such an overwhelming victory of the Bhutto's party and other parties alledged him for rigging. During Zia's regime his party came under official persecution. Consequently, many workers were jailed and other killed during judicial trials. Mr.Bhutto, an asset of oriental horizen himself was killed by the then dictator and is said under the dictation of US to avoid further block based alliance in terms of Islamic countries and atomic porliferation. The feudal minset and male dominant society that never accept gender equality and rule of a famale leadership, PPP led late Benazir Bhutto's both later governments were dismissed on unproved charges of corruption and lack of transparency. Pakistani establishment both civil and military supported the next governments like that of Nawaz Sharif, influenced and nurtured under dictatorship. It is a tyrany of history that a leader nourished under the shadows of a dictator was later victimized by a military dictator on murder attemp and hijaking charges. The last eight years of Gen.(retired) Musharraf's rule witnessed a major change. The incident of September 11, 2001 shifted policies of many countries including US with outer world especially with Pakistan. His response was immediate and in haste without taking stake holders in confidence by taking U-turn in foreign policy. The country that was petronizing Jihad as prime strategy was gradually converted into unwanted act. The merceneries nurtured since the Zia era under US aid net were termed terrorists; pressure to eliminate such non state actors increased gradually and in return the country observed rain of dollars, though went in few pockets. Here, it will be injustice to blame Pervez Musharaf personally rather the then Parliament, army and cilvil establishment has a due share in the case. In truth he was the only one who put his hand into heu of bees. Nevertheless, it is a fact that the main characteristic of a dictatorship regime used to neglects public opinion and take steps in haste. The sudden tilt in policy forced these merceneries trained in Aghanistan to show their reaction and resentment in terms of suicide bombing across the country.
The dawn of democracy preceded a carnage in the form of loss of Banazir Bhutto, a globally recognized leader in a sucide bombing incident in Liaqat Bagh-a witness to murder of an eminent leader after late Liaqat Ali Khan by early fiftees. It is good to observe that other parties play a supportive rule to drive the country on democractic lines by taking lessons from their past mistakes. It is also responsiblity of central government to take all parties and stake holders on issues of national interest to harmonize the situation in the country. New programmes like Benazir Bhato Incom Support, though became profound is the fruit of sacrifice late Benazir Bhutto has made for the country and credit should go to Bhutto family for their remarkable services for the contry.
Lets come to the regional matters. Gilgit-Baltistan is a sparcely populated mountanous region, junction of gigantic Karkorum, Himalayan and Hidukush ranges; and directly ruled by Islamabad as its defecto part. On social grounds if we go through records, it is evident that it was Aga Khan Development Network and other few NGOs that inspired government to initiate public walfare to an asleep ignorant nation of their civil rights. While on political front the history of last sixty two years is more painful even then before that. Rulers came and gone; lied to the masses in the name of different initiatives and packages with invisible designs to annex the area using divide and rule policy. Amdidst,the PPP led federal government has given a self governance reform package to give Gilgit Baltistan self autonomy with in the parameters of foreign policy priciples. On the whole it is considered a better step towards empowering subjugated population in the country. Nevertheless, there exist few controversial clauses needs to be address in future. Among them is appointment of an alien federal minister as regional governor and Prime Minster as its haed accompnied by six ministers who are again not elected by the people of the region. The Chief Minister and supportive six members of the council have still little power to challenge any move. Nearly all bills are subjected to the assent of Prime Minister being its chairman and governor empowered by centre. On financial matters, council is given authority to formulate, plan and to be approved after an extensive debate in the house but still not clear that who will approve it. If we try to compare Article 47 of Governance Order 2009 with the Article of 31 of Azad Kashmir constitution of 1974, a great imbalance appears. Article 47 gives Gilgit-Baltistan Legilative Assembly to legistlate on 61 subjects while AJK constitution keeps no embargo on Legislative assembly to legistlate on specific subject with in the territory. Another significant restiction imposed on both assemblies under article 30-A and article 33 of AJK 1974 constitution and G.B.Self Governance Order, 2009 respectively is that no discussion could take place in assembly, council and in joint seesion regarding conduct of Judges of supreme and apppellate courts, defence, security issues, foreign affairs and fiscal plan of central government with regad to discharging their duties. There are some strengths and long term benefit in it. The first is that it is first step towards complete autonomy. Secondly,it has helped change the perception of outside world about the region. This became visible when a strong earth quake hit Azad Kashmir and adjecent areas. Hundreds of thousands of dollars were provided as aid by donner agencies came in the name of Northern Areas. Deliberately, policy makers wrongly named the area Northern Areas that brought region with in the periphery of N.W.F.P and FATA. When later insurgency witnessed in trible belt, global community assumed Gilgit-Baltistan a part of affected area thus paralyzing an area completely free from such elements economically. The tourism and hotle industry,the main engine of economy has been badly suffered due to terrorist activities and following military operations against these non-state actors in Noth Western Frontier provice which allows Karakorum High Way, the only land passage, to pass on its chest. The change of name from Northern Areas to Gilgit-Baltistan are hoped to bring a drastic change by portraying a peaceful image that will ultimately result into patronization of tourism, hotle industry, trade and commerce across the region both by land and air means.
Being an independent mindset, complete autonomy should be the next step through democratic and civilized ways by unification and better understandig of circumstances to expliot available resources for the benefit of common man. Now, it seems that in the region, where literacy level exceeds eighty percent are politically and socially more concious.Our forefathers has a majestic history in all walks of life but unfortunately that seems destine to decline gradually except few cases. While on political front, either inable or scarcity of regional leadership failed to sail nation out of turbulent water. As a whole, one of the main deficiency today in us for the decline of the legacy is that of superiority complex-underestimate others, ignoring own faults; contempt towards even our own-selves, lack of smart working approach, readily excitement and quick loose behaviour, and fear of sound of bullet. Virtually, many of us surprise what happened to us; accounts of Hunza men of past echoes in the air still but its offsprings forgoten the legacy of bravery.Every nation experience such tendencies while coming up to a maturity levle. Only those nations can able to sustain who are united, keep norms alive, abide with moral laws, realistic in life and after all learn lesson from past experiences. Unification, patience, forgiveness and benevolence are the dire requirment to cope coming challenges in our way. It is said that three main dificiecies of human kind includes: wealth,woman and rule fits the destiny of the nation. Local representitives benificieris of bearocracy rather of masses hardly addressed the problems faced in thier every day live.
We hope that people of the region will once again be able prove their identity to retain status of a more rganized nation on globe in future ahead by shuning difference with open hearts to win their demands for the larger interest. Election proccesses are on climax in the region. It will be better if local administration implement a code of conduct to ensure use of civilize speech and mutual respect among the candidtes and party workers, for success is not a big thing but only counts how far is sustained effectively. Pakistan Peoples Party has many obligations on this region. The most vital is eridication of monarchy, replaced Princely flag with that of Pakistani flag and after all he gave the right of vote and representation to a paralyzed and issolated nation lived in severe conditions. We should remind the fact that what ever today we have in terms of democracy that allows every person a right of representaion is the foresightedness of Zulfiqar Ali Bhatto many decades ago. The rulling party has given a new package, though with many shortcomings, yet, it is hoped that this will prove a step towards complete autonomy. People have many expectations and most significant is approval of additional seat. PPPs local leadership has assured people to get not just one but two additional seats based on recensus figers. It is expected that people will cast their vote in the deocratic processes, election is a mean to send our leadership that address our miseries and problems. Vote of every individual is more expensive than he thinks. It is the difference of a single vote that declares on successful. The right of frenchise should be a rationale one that would help ensure to send a right, experienced, educatied, sicere leadership having calibre and gutts to bring a tangigle change by triggering the stimulus to change the fate of the whole region.


Posted by Shamsuddin Muhammad on Sunday

1 Responses to Love and lordship no fellow ship- lets revise history Voice of Hunza

  1. sajjad Says:
  2. Dear Shams ud Din

    you didn't mention any name of MQM's Candidate in your recently updated political news.Be aware!!!!


    (ZERO DAIL) the famous punishment of Hunza hahahaha


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Voice of Voiceless

The blog aims to disseminate the accurate regional information without consideration of race, color, ethnicity, religion and ideology to the valuable readers across the globe. We promise to abide with the moral and professional ethics of citizen journalism through this medium of communication. The voiceless masses of this one of the most beautiful places on earth, situated in Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan experience hard times due to continuous natural and man made disasters which have left them at surviving stage. Shortly speaking, in a short span of time, Hunza valley has embraces a steady socio-economic and ecological development making it self an authentic book to read about or take a model for rest of far flung valleys bordering Chines Sinkiang province in the extreme north of the country. The haphazard material development in this comparatively small area has also served to create various socio-economic and ethical problems which ultimately served to shake the fabrics of very roots and foundations of culture and civility among dwellers. On geo-political front, analysts find a very little say of a common man in the major decisions related to regional socio-economic development, violation of meritocracy by mafias in political parties, pressure groups which safe guard their own interests, a unbridled bureaucracy, corrupt regimes that patronizing nepotism or favoritism and who wield powers in Gilgit, the main hub and capital of Gilgit-Baltistan. Rapid increase in expenditures ranging from general commodity price hikes to transportation has left no option or time for people to think on other issues.
The so called Economic-Recession, unequal distribution of wealth, concentration of opportunities towards certain beings, lack of social responsiveness and transparency in government sector and no check and balance on private sector has brought its ugly implication in terms of high unemployment, depression among the youngsters, anxiety and hatred towards system of governance.
We vow to bring fore the issues of common man at grass root level, strive to highlight irregularities in government sector and flaws in public policy and finance in a democratic way. We shall continue to give our opinion on issues of importance and determine to prove a viable platform to have a positive role for public welfare, inter-communal harmony, integrity and social justice.
Amid such a situation when even the survival of country is on stake and is defamed due to continual terrorist incidents throughout the our county, we may pray for a peaceful and prosperous future of the nation. May Lord save the peaceful Gilgit-Baltistan region from the evil designs of devils in human form.

The blog has been developed and upgrading by the efforts of the following dedicated volunteers.

Board of Editors
Editor: Shamsuddin Muhammad

Co-editor: Inam Karim
Email: inamkarim02@gmail.com

Reporting Team
Karachi: Sartaj Karim
Email: sartaj_compaq@hotmail.com

Hunza: Naeem Hamoon
Email: naeemhmn@hotmail.com

Gilgit: Aslam Shah

Email: hunzaishah@gmail.com

Islamabad: Ikramullah Baig
Email: hunza_havenonearth@yahoo.com

Voice of the voiceless!

The blog is a venture with exclusive news updates, unbiased analysis and opinion on historical, cultural, ecological, socio-economic, geopolitical and administrative issues and events occurring in country in general and the region particular. It would serve as a portfolio of credible information retained first hand from own and secondary reliable electronic and print media sources and aspire to become a powerful voice for a common man. We are committed to adhere with the professional ethics of citizen journalism, a new trend to shackle the chains of excessive curb over dissemination of reality either for any cause in the name of so-called sensor, with maximum possible accuracy and least deviation while delivering information to show the real side of picture of events so that our valuable readers will have an alternative portal to know what developments are going on various levels, particularly backward areas like that of Gilgit-Baltistan, Balochistan, Azad Jamu and Kahsmir, Tribal areas etc., across the country. One can easily discern a great social change in terms of attitudes, perceptions both in individual and society; values and reaction to the variables in daily life patterns among the dwellers of the comparatively backwards areas like Gilgit-Baltistan, a deprived region of its fundamental rights for more than six decades of its liberation from colonial yolk. In a quest to voice over issues of vital importance, keeping closer to circle of concern, Hunza, a name famous for its beauty and rich cultural heritage has been selected to represent as a case to further the cause and issues of the rest of the region. Virtually, the region especially Hunza-Nagar retained a rapid development with a short span of time after remaining isolated for centuries to out side world. The blog also aims focus largely to identify core areas from on bottom or grass root level to the top. Keeping due consideration of inter-religious harmony, tolerance, respecting pluralism, diversity, mutual respect, democracy, equal opportunity and other aspects of human rights and professional values of journalism, the blog will serve as a binding force and medium of voice of the voiceless people of the area with reference to Gilgit-Baltistan region.

The idea of creation of this blog came into my mind during a visit after spending few years of career at Karachi, capital of Southern province to the region. While traveling from south pole of the country to north, I experienced many new changes nearly in all aspects of life explicit in urban areas and implicit in rural belts: people have opted to modern technology, availed faster means of communication; task centered behavior, selfishness, following short-cuts, chase of wealth and more opportunities in their career and many more that made their lives much more easier but crazier than before. Nevertheless, the scene suddenly turned bit dim when I entered the region of Gilgit-Baltistan. I could not believe my eyes that this was the Gilgit I saw four years ago. Many things, except the faces were utterly unchanged formats primitive outlook. The Chinese bridge that linked Danyore and Gilgit and a main source of transportation was no more. Few people told me that few journalists have lost their lives in lethal road accident due to lack of arrangements on part of concerned authority to avoid the incident. Karakorum High Way (KKH), one of the highest truck able route and so-called eighth wonder in the world is under construction and many places portray nothing but a passage through a rough stony pasture. It took nearly twenty four hours from Rawalpindi to reach after an exhaustive journey to Hunza, my home town, compared to nineteen hours in past. The scenario seemed worse in Hunza, my home town which remained unchanged for last four years except a drastic decline in standard of living of more than fifty percent of the population. One may think that people have replaced muddy homes with cement ones but that are not the real yardstick of measurement of both mental and material development. Infrastructure, fixtures, telecommunication systems were largely depreciated to their estimated life coupled with inappropriate number of personnel required in educational, administrative and health institutions. The so-called economic meltdown that started from American giant Leman soon took the world into its tyrant claws, shaking many stable economies of the world including the rural areas of developing states- a big example of negligence and subjugation by the rulers of respective countries where people live not above the level of animals. Apart from the allegations on policy makers of industrialized nations having economic interest only, the poor, irrational, incompetent, self-centered and corrupt leadership in Pakistan like other third world countries where immature economies spends it larger portion of budget expenditure on defense could not resist the negative consequences of economic crisis in terms of high rate of unemployment, recession, right or down sizing, price hikes, violation of consumer rights and so on. Hunza-Nagar, like other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan was no exception. The smiling faces that greeted us once warmly few years ago turned unhappy for the crisis brought its ugly implication on the daily life pattern of an individual thus sucking down the unique attributes of population: courtesy, generosity and hospitality. Having a so-called high rate of literacy in the country unfortunately, the region is facing many problems ranging from health to drinking water and energy sector. To many, it was because of lack of geo-political awareness and excessive tendency towards NGO culture where people little bother to beg their rights from the states besides emphasis on duties. Historical chronicles vindicate that the region remained in isolation for many centuries due to a specific location and lack of access to out side world. Many dynasties ruled the area that hardly accepted change in a traditionally sophisticated feudal based society. The wheel of transition continued to move and finally the area got librated through a mutiny with the help of indigenous population from the clutches of Dogra subjugation. Later, the area was affiliated with Pakistan vide a secret treaty called Karachi Treatise as defacto part, unconditionally. Gilgit-Baltistan region got on real terms an impetus to grow from zero level with the visit of three icons of development: Aga Khan, President Ayub Khan and Z.A.Bhutto- a historic event of its nature with long standing implications on live of the people of the region.The area could hardly observed any impulse for more than half dozen years of affiliation with Pakistan when Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah, Aga Khan (3rd) first time introduced Diamond Jubilee Schools network during mid fifties in the region. A real phase of development gain impetus when Shah Karim Alhusaini, Aga Khan (fourth) stepped in the region, a population with miserable conditions in 1960. He initiated many new projects in different aspect of life, strengthening the existing educational network under the umbrella of Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) for the betterment and uplift standard of living of masses lived under poverty line. Aga Khan Development Network in collaboration with donor agencies, with a view to bring social change from grass roots level, initiated rural support programme and other services for less-privileged societies in the region. In simple words, initial projects were stretched to new areas under AKDN umbrella ranging from self-entrepreneurship to planning and building services. These development programmes served a catalyst for a common man who, earlier was confine to a certain limit where facilities and perks were confined to a specific creed, definitely a big change in society led to process of decline of so-called nobility. By, 1974, Z.A.Bhutto, chief of Pakistan Peoples Party and his cabinet undertook a disintegrated country following the fall of Dhaka, albeit eliminating princely status of numerous states gave them democratic structures, initiated socio-economic, political and administrative reforms in civil services cadres under 1973 constitution of Pakistan. These reforms opened a path for further reforms in tribal and affiliated princely states, mostly in mountain regions. Elders assert, by 1976, when Bhutto abolished the princely status of the units and replaced the princely flag with that of the country declared region formally its de-fecto part. The new development allowed for the first time a limited right of franchise and representation in a parallel council governed from capital. He in collaboration with international donor agencies like UNICEF and World Food Programme helped ensure provision of basic necessities like food to indigenous population still in poor conditions. He gave word to poor and enables to build his destiny. The facility fell a prey of Zia-ul-Haq who abolished the programme to benefit his favorite breed. He altered such programmes to facilitate Mujahideen busy fighting Afghan war against Soviet invasion on behalf of American assistance. By, 1988, before the withdrawal of USSR, Zia regime played a dirty game: as an integral strategy to get parallel success, he supported a breed of militants to eliminate all those against his faith in Gilgit-Baltistan. Unfortunately, the indigenous people could not understand his nefarious designs under the veil of religion that had to sustain his regime using divide and rule tactic and nothing to do with public welfare fell a prey of communal discord. Thousands of innocent people were brutally killed without a reason from both sides and this in turn sowed the seeds of sectarianism thus introducing a Kalashnikov culture in this region. On country’s political front, frequent interventions of military in politics in the wake of undemocratic moves of leadership, double standard attitude of bureaucracy and excessive influence of establishment forces harmed political evolution during last sixty two years of country's history. A finest dictatorship is considered worse than a worse democracy for it largely overlook the opinion of masses. The undemocratic regimes since 1952 onwards in general and during dictators’ regimes left people with no option but to support immature, corrupt and unable leadership confined to their self interests coupled with narrow vision. On global front, with the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, American administration started to shift its strategy of dependency and support for Pakistan especially that to check movement and expansion of communist philosophy, an anxiety among the then US policy planners. Political front once again passed through a new change in 1999 when military took over in October 1999. Numerous Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), both national and international rapport delivered remarkable work since 1990s to 2004 in many sectors like education, health, cultural preservation, design and building.

History repeated itself, but in a new form under different circumstances after cold war, when terrorists attacked twin towers of World Trade Centre, an icon of prestige and glory of America killing thousands of innocent people as a response to US policies inviting a fresh hostility between US and Islamist groups or in other words initiated an open conflict between two countering forces. To some, hidden forces worked behind the incident: Muslims thought it was a Judaist elements while to Europe and US a strike of Islamist elements; even the then Bush administration alleged Islamist groups behind this nefarious act to initiate an open armed struggle to defy its policies and interests. The September 11 incident served a cause to create sufferings for the Muslim communities residing in America and Europe. Being a sponsoring source of Jihadist elements, Pakistan was in real trouble as it was asked either ally the US or ready to go into stone age. Consequently, Pervez Musharraf took U-turn in state policy against billions of dollars as assistance. Once again, US dependency on Pakistan after Afghan war, in an endless war against an invisible enemy in terms of Osama started, leading farmer to think to gain control over natural resources in Afghanistan and Central Asian states. As a state, Pakistan endured many hardships, mostly from inside elements, Majority of our political leadership, for instance is largely nurtured under the aegis of military establishments and always ready to achieve their own interest lest it comes to compromise on national matters, evident from the successive overthrowing of representative regimes. They could not deliver any remarkable to uplift the standard of living of a common man except false promises. It was the Musharraf regime which can be given credit for many reasons: allowed a national government to complete its five year tenure, introduced local government systems for dicentralization of power though a move to by pass the then political and administrative forces like his predecessors military dictators to bolster one man show. Apart from few of blunders in terms of killing of Akbar Bugti, subjugation of judiciary, appointment of army on service and retired personnel in institutions offering higher education, other key positions in major public organiztions and using force as a decisive force instead of dialogue his regime can be recalled for many things during last eight years. He was the first who put hand on non-state actors, brought changes in status of deprived regions like Gilgit-Baltistan bringing reforms and took initiatives to improve education and health facilities. He gave us an International University, increased woman representation, empowered Northern Light Infantry, established N.A scouts and notified Hunza-Nagar district and many more. Yet, at the same time on mass level, despite many accomplishments, it failed to address the real issues of poor. Giant fishes got most and poor further got depressed as the regime greatly revolved around the interests of Chaurdhries and lords. December 2007, shall be remembered a black day when Benazir Bhutto, a female leader of international repute was assassinated at the same place where one of the most famous Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan as killed. Country fell into chaos and observed an extreme internal and internal threat to her existence second time after 1971. Good heaven, the situation soon normalized. With the dawn of democracy, based on Benazir Bhutto's sacrifice has brought a hope of change of image of the country in global economy. PPP led contemporary government has given a new Self Governance Reforms Package 2009 ahead of poles to empower the assembly to legislate on various subjects not allowed in past and choose their own Chief Minister unanimously with the consent of Prime Minister, the head of set up-a good initiative after Z.A Bhutto's compassions for the region. The package has opened a door for more autonomy resembles to that of Azad Kashmir. Though, there are many flaws in the package yet, it will serve to reduce feeling of deprivation among the masses.

There is another side of the picture that the poor performance in many of the departments in government sector during last two years has raised many questions in our mind regarding its capability to cope the challenges that the country faces internally and externally. Public welfare, security from internal and external aggressions and provision of basic necessities to the citizens is the fundamental responsibilities of modern states. Yet, more focus on external threats under security syndrome has left the country nothing but to expend on defense-thus neglecting other sectors like education, strategic personnel planning, health, trade and industry and exploitation of natural resources to strengthen our economy. As for as the private sector especially the NGOs are concerned, the are now confine to reporting to get funds, roam and measure the length of roads in their luxury vehicles. Now it depends on flow of events that will decide the future course of history.

Shamsuddin Muhammad,

Author and Editor,



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About Me

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Hyderabad,, IslamicRepublic of Pakistan, Pakistan
I am social person with a tendency towards learning knowledge that will balance the material world and the hereafter, a legacy obtained from the family. I earned my MA (General History with specialization in Modern History) and M.A.S (Master of Administrative siences with speciliazation in HRM) both from University of Karachi in 2005 and 2007 respectively, am fond of social work and public welfare. The blog focuses on social change caused by socio- economic and geo-political impulse in the country in general and the region particular.